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Panax quinquefolius.jpg
Panax quinquefolius
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Apiales
Family: Araliaceae
Subfamily: Aralioideae
Tribe: Aralieae
Genus: Panax

See text

The Panax (ginseng) genus belongs to the Araliaceae[1] (ivy) family. Panax species are characterized by the presence of ginsenosides and gintonin.


The name Panax, meaning "all-healing" in Greek, shares the same origin as "panacea" and was used for this genus because Carl Linnaeus was aware of its wide use in Chinese medicine.

Panax species[edit]

Genus Panax[2]

Subgenus Panax
Section Panax
Series Notoginseng
Panax notoginseng (Burkill) F.H.Chen (known as san qi, tian qi or tien chi)
Series Panax
Panax bipinnatifidus Seem. [3]
var. angustifolius (Burkill) J.Wen
Panax ginseng C.A.Mey. (Asian ginseng, Chinese ginseng, Korean ginseng, Asiatic ginseng, Oriental ginseng)[4]
Panax japonicus (T.Nees) C.A.Mey. (Japanese ginseng)[5][6][7]
Panax quinquefolius L. (American ginseng)
Panax sokpayensis Shiva K.Sharma & Pandit [8]
Panax vietnamensis Ha & Grushv.
Panax wangianus S.C.Sun [9]
Panax zingiberensis C.Y.Wu & Feng
Section Pseudoginseng
Panax pseudoginseng Wall.
Panax stipuleanatus H.T.Tsai & K.M.Feng [10][11]
Subgenus Trifolius
Panax trifolius L.


  1. ^ "Ivy Family - Araliaceae - Common names". Encyclopedia of Life. Retrieved 2018-07-14.
  2. ^ "'Panax search' from the Plant List". The Plant List, v. 1.1. 2013. Retrieved June 20, 2017.
  3. ^ "Panax bipinnatifidus Seem. — The Plant List". Retrieved 2018-07-14.
  4. ^ "Asian Ginseng". National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH). September 2016. Retrieved June 24, 2017.
  5. ^ Rai, Amit; Yamazaki, Mami; Takahashi, Hiroki; Nakamura, Michimi; Kojoma, Mareshige; Suzuki, Hideyuki; Saito, Kazuki (2016). "RNA-seq Transcriptome Analysis of Panax japonicus, and Its Comparison with Other Panax Species to Identify Potential Genes Involved in the Saponins Biosynthesis". Frontiers in Plant Science. 7: 481. doi:10.3389/fpls.2016.00481. ISSN 1664-462X. PMC 4828455. PMID 27148308.
  6. ^ "Japanese ginseng". Retrieved 2018-07-14.
  7. ^ Plantae Medicinales oder Sammlung offizineller Pflanzen.
  8. ^ Sharma, Shiva Kumar; Pandit, Maharaj Krishan (2009). "A New Species of Panax L. (Araliaceae) from Sikkim Himalaya, India". Systematic Botany. 34 (2): 434–438. JSTOR 40211904.
  9. ^ "Panax wangianus S.C.Sun — The Plant List". Retrieved 2018-07-14.
  10. ^ "Panax stipuleanatus H.T.Tsai & K.M.Feng — The Plant List". Retrieved 2018-07-14.
  11. ^ Trieu, Le Ngoc; Mien, Nguyen Tuong; Van Tien, Tran; Van Ket, Nguyen; Van Duy, Nong (16 March 2016). "Genetic diversity of Tsai in North Vietnam detected by inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers". Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment. 30 (3): 506–511. doi:10.1080/13102818.2016.1157448.

External links[edit]