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Panax quinquefolius.jpg
Panax quinquefolius
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Apiales
Family: Araliaceae
Subfamily: Aralioideae
Tribe: Aralieae
Genus: Panax

See text

The Panax (ginseng) genus belongs to the Araliaceae (ivy) family. Panax species are characterized by the presence of ginsenosides and gintonin.


The name Panax, meaning "all-healing" in Greek, shares the same origin as "panacea" and was used for this genus because Carl Linnaeus was aware of its wide use in Chinese medicine.

Panax species[edit]

Genus Panax[1]

Subgenus Panax
Section Panax
Series Notoginseng
Panax notoginseng (Burkill) F.H.Chen (known as san qi, tian qi or tien chi)
Series Panax
Panax bipinnatifidus Seem.
var. angustifolius (Burkill) J.Wen
Panax ginseng C.A.Mey. (Asian ginseng, Chinese ginseng, Korean ginseng, Asiatic ginseng, Oriental ginseng)[2]
Panax japonicus (T.Nees) C.A.Mey.
Panax quinquefolius L. (American ginseng)
Panax sokpayensis Shiva K.Sharma & Pandit
Panax vietnamensis Ha & Grushv.
Panax wangianus S.C.Sun
Panax zingiberensis C.Y.Wu & Feng
Section Pseudoginseng
Panax pseudoginseng Wall.
Panax stipuleanatus H.T.Tsai & K.M.Feng
Subgenus Trifolius
Panax trifolius L.


  1. ^ "'Panax search' from the Plant List". The Plant List, v. 1.1. 2013. Retrieved June 20, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Asian Ginseng". National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH). September 2016. Retrieved June 24, 2017. 

External links[edit]