Paratrooper Brigade (Spain)

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Brigada "Almogáraves" VI, de Paracaidistas
Coat of Arms of the 6th Airborne Brigade Almogávares (Polyvalent Brigade).svg
Coat of Arms of the Paratrooper Brigade (Polyvalent Brigade)
Active October 17, 1953 - present
Country  Spain
Branch Emblem of the Spanish Army.svg Army
Type Airborne Forces
Role Polyvalent and Airborne Force
Size 3,000
Garrison/HQ Madrid
Murcia
Nickname(s) Paracas
Motto(s) ¡Desperta Ferro!
(Awake iron!)
¡Triunfar o Morir!
(Succeed or die!)
Per crucem ad lucem
(Through the cross to light)
Anniversaries October 17
Engagements Rif War
Ifni War
Yugoslav Wars
Afghanistan War
Iraq War
Lebanon War
Bosnian War
Kosovo War
Military intervention against ISIL
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Tomás Pallás Sierra
Insignia
Coat of Arms as
Light Infantry Brigade
(Until 2016)
Coat of Arms of the BRIPAC.svg

The Paratrooper Brigade[1][2] (also known as the Airborne Brigade "Almogávares" VI or BRIPAC and formerly Airborne Light Infantry Brigade "Almogávares" VI) is an airborne brigade of the Spanish Armed Forces called Black Berets and it is one of the Polyvalent Brigades of the Land Force of the Spanish Army.

Today it is considered as one of the quintessential elite units of the Spanish Army, along with the Spanish Legion.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Raised in 1953, the Paratrooper Brigade is one of the most elite units of the Army. The Bandera (Flag/lit. "banner" - another archaic 16th century term) designation dates from the 1950s when Spanish Legion personnel formed part of its units from the moment these were raised. The unit's first combat jump took place on November 25, 1957 when 75 troopers jumped from 5 Junkers Ju 52 transports at Tiliun during the Ifni War with Morocco.[3] From just a single battalion, it became a fully fledged brigade in 1965 with BGEN Julio Coloma Gallegos as its first commander.

Combat capabilities[edit]

Currently the BRIPAC is a unit with a high degree of professionalism, morale and training, ready to deploy at any time and place.

  • Rapid deployment.
  • High availability - two GT, s.
  • Joint-combined operations
  • Involvement vertical.
  • HALO / HAHO (high altitude parachute jump).
  • Operations developed land.
  • Peacekeeping operations.
  • Limited fire support

Capabilities CIMIC (Civil - Military Cooperation)[edit]

  • Evacuation Control Center.
  • Reception Center (refugee camp)
  • Humanitarian corridors
  • Civil Support Emergency Planning
  • Public information

Organization and mission[edit]

The BRIPAC comprises the following units:

  • Brigade Headquarters
  • 3 Parachute Banderas (commands)
  • Airborne Artillery Group (GACAPAC)
  • Parachute Engineers Battalion (BZPAC VI)
  • Airborne Logistics Group (GLPAC VI)
  • Airborne Signals Company (CIATRANSPAC VI)

As a polyvalent and paratrooper unit, it is designed to operate autonomously behind enemy lines, without relying on fire support and the corresponding risk of friendly fire casualties.

The Brigade consists of soldiers trained and equipped to operate as a key element for force projection, or in a framework for the creation of tactical groupings. Their specialty allows enough flexibility to function across the spectrum of conflict.

The BRIPAC is articulated in a Brigade Headquarters and a number of, fixed in each, combat, combat support and combat logistical support units. Those polyvalent combat units are:

  • 4th Parachute Infantry Regiment "Napoles" [Naples] (RINF-4)
    • 1st-4 Parachute Light Infantry Battalion "Roger de Flor" (BPAC-I/4)
    • 2nd-4 Armour Infantry Battalion "Roger de Lauria" (BIP-II/4)
  • 5th Parachute Infantry Regiment "Zaragoza" (RINF-5)
    • 3rd Armour Infantry Battalion "Ortiz de Zarate" (BIP-III)
  • 8th Light Armored Cavalry Regiment "Lusitania" (Airbourne) (RCLAC-8)
    • 1st-8 Light Armored Cavalry Group "Sagunto" (Airbourne) (GLAC I/8) [2]

The HQ, in addition to the corresponding functions in relation to the control, use and preparation of the Brigade, and employment of its units, is suitable for use in the command structure operating at any given moment. Properly reinforced, it can be at the command of a brigade-level operational organization of national or multinational scope.

Spanish soldiers of the Parachute Brigade in Afghanistan.

To accomplish these missions, the BRIPAC develops an extensive and demanding training program, allowing its members to deploy the following capabilities:

  • High availability (permanently available)
  • Rapid deployment (preparing in 72 hours for deployment anywhere in the world)
  • Joint operations
  • Airborne, air assault operations
  • HALO operations
  • Developed land operations
  • Noncombatant evacuation
  • Humanitarian aid
  • Peacekeeping

Training[edit]

Training prepares its members to perform the following types of missions:

  • Airborne operations
  • Airmobile operations
  • Noncombatant evacuation (NEO).
  • Operations abroad
  • Combat operations as standard infantrymen
  • Capabilities paratroopers ET.

Courses[edit]

- Continuing Education Day: Exercises of about 30 hours in order to perform a demanding and intensive instruction in all tactical positions.

- Alfa-Exercises: Exercises four days used to complete the instruction section and coordinate the preparation of the various units of the Company.

- Beta-Exercises: Exercises of varying length where the Flag type unit / group coordinates the development achieved by the Cia. and integrates as a whole unit, thus achieving the tactical capabilities needed to fulfill the tasks assigned.

- Bilateral Exercises: Exercises paratroopers cooperation with other countries that serve for the exchange of knowledge, skills and experiences.

- Other Courses: In addition to the above described, the BRIPAC develops other exercises and maneuvers with other Army units in order to unify the operating procedures of the various support units such as Practice School of Artillery, Sappers or transmissions.

Casualties[edit]

  • Killed in Action: 47, including 6 KIAs in Lebanon in March 2007 and in Afghanistan in 2006 (1) and 2007 (2)
  • In Accidents: 71
  • Deceased on active duty: 65 [1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Pagina oficial Ejercito de Tierra Español". Retrieved January 5, 2012.
  2. ^ a b Spanish Army Organic Reform (2015). Spanish Official Journal (15/06/30). P.53462
  3. ^ http://www.europapress.es/nacional/noticia-brigada-paracaidista-recupera-bandera-primera-operacion-guerra-20170223180450.html