Kathi Darbar

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Kathi Darbar(Kshatriya)

The Kathi Darbar (Gujarati: કાઠી દરબાર) are a Kshatriya caste of Saurashtra found in the state of Gujarat in India.[1] Kathi Kshatriya are popularly referred as Kathi Darbar.[2]

History and origin[edit]

The Kathi are said to have given their name to the Kathiawar region and to be descended from the Sura, an ancient race of sun worshipers found in western India. According to their traditions, they are descended from Kush, the son of the Hindu God Ram. Colonial British historians consider the Kathi to be a Scythian tribe that settled in the Kathiawar region in the second century BC.[3] During the time of Sikandar's attack on Punjab, Sikandar took Kathi Kshatriya people with him. Because of their bravery, Kathis put up the strongest opposition to the Marathas.[4]

Present circumstances[edit]

The Kathi have two divisions, the Sankhyavat and Auratia. These divisions are hierarchical in nature, with the former considered royalty. There are three clans found among the Sankhyavat namely the Vala,Khachar and Khuman. and Auratiya namely Kamaliya Patgir,Basiya,Dhadhal,Shekhwa, Boricha,Khavad,Gida,Jebaliya, Manjariya,Khada,Mala,Jalu,Babariya,Bhicharia and many more. Strict exogamy is maintained between the Auratia and Sankhyavat. They are found in both Kathiawar and Kutch divisions of Gujarat.[5] Kathi darbar are horse lovers and they have Kathiawari horses, which are known worldwide.[6] It is noted that the Kathi Darbar will never forget an enemy as shown in the proverb "કાળ છોડે પણ કાઠી નહિ" (Time (Death) Forgets But Not Kathi)".

People[edit]

A person from Kathiawar is called a "Kathiawadi". Kathis migrated from the Rajastan to Cutch and then to Saurashtra, made a treaty with the region's Waghela Rajputs and started matrimonial relations with the local Rajputs, most probably the Waghela. As a result, today's Kathi community is a mix of Kathis from Rajasthan and the pre-existing Rajputs of Saurashtra. The list of Kahiawadis includes the Savji community which is present in present day Maharastra and Gujarat and the Kathi Kshatriya of Gujarat and the Katwa or Katwe (from the name Kathiawadi) in Maharastra.

Devotee of Swaminarayan, Darbar Shri of Gadhada Dada Khachar was born into this caste. The Kathi Darbar community is connected much of the history of Gujarat. Noted warriors such as Jogidas Khuman, Ram Vala, Chapraj Vala and also the saints Aebhalji Vala, Aapa Giga, Danbapu Chalala, Vihalanath Paliyad, Apa Goarkha, Apa Jadara Songadh and Apa Ratabapu Moladi were born into this Kshatriya caste.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Folk Tales Of Gujarat By Alaka Shankar Page 23
  2. ^ People of India Gujarat Volume XXI Part Two edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeez Mohideen page 614 Folk art and culture of Gujarat: guide to the collection of the Shreyas Folk Museum of Gujarat
  3. ^ People of India Gujarat Volume XXI Part Two edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeez Mohideen pages 614-619
  4. ^ Wilberforce-Bell, Capt. H. The History of Kathiawad from the earliest times. p. 1. 
  5. ^ People of India Gujarat Volume XXI Part Two edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeez Mohideen pages 614-619
  6. ^ International Encyclopedia of Horse Breeds Page 251-252