Patriotic People's Front

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Fatherland Front

Patriotic People's Front
FoundedMay 1944 (1944-05) (as Hungarian Front)
February 1, 1949 (as Hungarian Independence People's Front)
October 22, 1954 (as Patriotic People's Front)
Dissolved1990
Succeeded byPatriotic Electoral Coalition
IdeologyCommunism
Marxism-Leninism
Kadarism
Political positionFar-left

The Patriotic People's Front (Hungarian: Hazafias Népfront, HNF) was originally a Hungarian political resistance movement during World War II which become later an alliance of political parties in the Hungarian People's Republic, controlled by the HDP/MSzMP.

History[edit]

The Hungarian Front (Magyar Front) was founded by the Peace Party as a resistance movement against the occupation of Hungary by Nazi German forces during World War II and included the Social Democratic Party (MSZDP), the Independent Smallholders' Party (FKgP) and the National Peasant Party (NPP).[1] The Hungarian Front was replaced by the Hungarian National Independence Front (Magyar Nemzeti Függetlenségi Front, MNFF) on 2 December 1944 which also included the Civic Democratic Party (PDP).[2]

On 1 February 1949,[3] the MNFF become the Hungarian Independence People's Front (MFN), a popular front like in other communist countries. Under Imre Nagy (22–24 October 1954) was the Patriotic People's Front (HNF) founded which existed until about 1990 and became the Patriotic Electoral Coalition.

Electoral history[edit]

Election Votes % Seats +/–
Hungarian Independence People's Front
1949 5,478,515 97.1%
402 / 402
Increase 402
1953 6,256,653 99.0%
298 / 298
Decrease 104
Patriotic People's Front
1958 6,431,832 99.6%
338 / 338
Increase 40
1963 6,813,058 98.9%
340 / 340
Increase 2
1967 7,086,596 99.7%
349 / 349
Increase 9
1971 7,189,125 99.0%
352 / 352
Increase 3
1975 unknown 99.6%
352 / 352
Steady
1980 7,462,593 99.3%
352 / 352
Steady
1985 7,145,601 99.1%
387 / 387
Increase 35

References[edit]