|Civil Parish (Freguesia)|
The Junta Freguesia of Pena, the modern adoption of the parish authority
|Official name: Freguesia de Pena|
|Name origin: pena, Portuguese for help or aid|
|Landmarks||Palace of Bemposta, Pena Recreational Coliseum|
|Center||Campo Mártires da Pátria|
|- elevation||59 m (194 ft)|
|Length||1.43 km (1 mi), Northwest-Southeast|
|Width||.53 km (0 mi), Southwest-Northeast|
|Area||0.50 km2 (0 sq mi)|
|Density||12,136 / km2 (31,432 / sq mi)|
|- Parish||c. 1564|
|- Civil Parish||c. 1705|
|- location||Rua Saco, 1A, Pena, Lisbon|
|- elevation||41 m (135 ft)|
|President Junta||Joaquim Lopes Ramos|
|- summer (DST)||WEST (UTC+1)|
|ISO 3166-2 code||PT-|
|Postal Zone||1150-283 Pena|
|Area Code & Prefix||(+351) 218 XXX XXX|
|Parish Address||Rua Saco, 1A
|Wikimedia Commons: Pena, Lisboa|
|Statistics: Instituto Nacional de Estatística|
|Geographic detail from CAOP (2010) produced by Instituto Geográfico Português (IGP)|
Pena is a former parish (freguesia) in the municipality of Lisbon, Portugal. At the administrative reorganization of Lisbon on 8 December 2012 it became part of the parish Arroios. In 2001, the population of the district included 6038 residents, in an area of 0.5 km², representing a highly compact population.
Initially, the parish authority was localized in the Monastery of Sant'Ana (founded in 1561), but transferred to a building constructed by the brothers of the Santo Sacremento (after 25 March 1705): the Church of Nossa Senhora da Pena, along the Calçada da Pena, when the parish name changed to Nossa Senhora da Penha.
But, the 1755 Lisbon earthquake caused significant damage, and it was renovated by the middle of the 18th century, with recuperation completed in both the 18th and 19th centuries. Until 1763, the parish authority occupied several buildings, including a hermitage along the Travessa do Hospital, then at the Church of Nossa Senhora da Encarnação e Carmo, along the Travessa das Recolhidas, and later to the chapel in the Palace of Mitelo (in the Largo do Palácio do Mitelo).
The parish of Pena occupies one of the hilltops in Lisbon, namely Santana, which extends from Largo São Domingos until Estefânia and from Portas de Santo Antão to Desterro. It is part of the historical quarter of Lisbon, and is encircled by the civil parishes of Santa Justa, Socorro, Anjos, São Jorge de Arroios, Coração de Jesus and São José.
The centre of the parish is the Jardim Braamcamp Freire (English: Braamcamp Freire Garden), dedicated to the republican historian and archeologist, who directly opposed the British administration of William Beresford. After this period of Portuguese history the park was known as the Campo dos Mártires da Pátria (dedicated to the martyrs of the fatherland), which was commonly referred to as the Campo de Santana until the 18th century.
- INE, ed. (2010), Censos 2011 - Resultadas Preliminares [2011 Census - Preliminary Results] (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: Instituto Nacional de Estatística, retrieved 1 July 2011
- IGP, ed. (2010), Carta Administrativa Oficial de Portugal (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: Instituto Geográfico Português, retrieved 1 July 2011
- Lei n.º 56/2012 (Reorganização administrativa de Lisboa). Diário da República, 1.ª Série, n.º 216. Accessed 25/11/2012.
- Junta Freguesia, ed. (2010). "Freguesia da Pena" (PDF) (in Portuguese). Pena (Lisbon), Portugal: Junta Freguesia de Pena. Retrieved 4 July 2011.