Penda's Fen

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Penda's Fen
Penda's Fen.jpg
Home video cover
Directed by Alan Clarke
Produced by David Rose
Written by David Rudkin
Starring Spencer Banks
Cinematography Michael Williams
Edited by Henry Fowler
Distributed by BBC
Release date
21 March 1974
Running time
90 minutes
Country United Kingdom
Language English

Penda's Fen is a British television play which was written by David Rudkin and directed by Alan Clarke. It was commissioned by BBC producer David Rose, and first broadcast on 21 March 1974 as part of the corporation's Play for Today series.[1]

Plot summary[edit]

Set in the village of Pinvin, near Pershore in Worcestershire, England, against the backdrop of the Malvern Hills, it is an evocation of conflicting forces within England past and present. These include authority, tradition, hypocrisy, landscape, art, sexuality, and most of all, its mystical, ancient pagan past. All of this comes together in the growing pains of the adolescent Stephen, a vicar's son, whose encounters include angels, Edward Elgar and King Penda himself. The final scene of the play, where the protagonist has an apparitional experience of King Penda and the "mother and father of England", is set on the Malvern Hills.[2][3]

Original cast[edit]

Spencer Banks starred as Stephen, with a cast including Jennie Hesselwood, Ian Hogg, Georgine Anderson and John Atkinson.


Music from Elgar's The Dream of Gerontius features throughout the play. The 1971 Decca recording by Benjamin Britten with Yvonne Minton as the Angel is used, and the album itself features as a prop. Extracts from Elgar's Introduction and Allegro are also heard.

Original music is by Paddy Kingsland of the BBC Radiophonic Workshop, who also electronically manipulated parts of the Britten recording.

Critical response[edit]

Critics have noted that the play stands apart from Clarke's other, more realist output. Clarke himself admitted that he did not fully understand what the story was about.[4] Nonetheless it has gone on to acquire the status of minor classic, win awards and has been rebroadcast several times on the BBC.

Following the original broadcast Leonard Buckley, The Times wrote: "Make no mistake. We had a major work of television last night. Rudkin gave us something that had beauty, imagination and depth."[5]

In 2006, Vertigo magazine described Penda's Fen as “One of the great visionary works of English film”.[6]

In 2011, Penda's Fen was chosen by Time Out London magazine as one of the 100 best British films. They described the play as a "multi-layered reading of contemporary society and its personal, social, sexual, psychic and metaphysical fault lines. Fusing Elgar’s ‘Dream of Gerontius’ with a heightened socialism of vibrantly localist empathy, and pagan belief systems with pre-Norman histories and a seriously committed – and prescient – ecological awareness, ‘Penda’s Fen’ is a unique and important statement."[7]

A Limited Edition Blu-ray and DVD was released in May 2016.[8]

Further reading[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Banks-Smith, Nancy (22 March 1974). "Penda's Fen". The Guardian. 
  2. ^ David Rudkin: Sacred Disobedience: an expository study of his drama 1959-96 by David Ian Rabey, Oxford, Routledge, 1998 ISBN 90-5702-126-9
  3. ^ Rolinson, D. Alan Clarke Manchester University Press, 2005 ISBN 0-7190-6830-4
  4. ^ "BFI Screenonline: Penda's Fen (1974)". Retrieved 2012-09-05. 
  5. ^ Robin Carmody. "Penda's Fen". Retrieved 2012-09-05. 
  6. ^ "VERTIGO | Penda’s Fen". Retrieved 2012-09-05. 
  7. ^ Simmonds, Paul. "100 best British films: The list - Time Out London". Retrieved 2012-09-05. 
  8. ^

External links[edit]