Pennsylvania Route 194
|Maintained by PennDOT and Borough of Hanover|
|Length:||31.974 mi (51.457 km)|
|South end:||MD 194 near Kingsdale|
|PA 234 in East Berlin|
|North end:||PA 74 near Dillsburg|
Pennsylvania Route 194 (PA 194) is a 31-mile-long (50 km) north–south state highway located in south-central Pennsylvania. The southern end is at the Maryland state line, where it continues south as Maryland Route 194 (MD 194), and the northern terminus is at the intersection with PA 74 in the town of Dillsburg. PA 194 heads northeast from the state line through rural areas in southeastern Adams County, intersecting PA 97 in Littlestown. The route continues into the southwestern section of York County and passes through Hanover, where it forms a concurrency with PA 116 and crosses PA 94 in the downtown area. Past here, PA 194 heads north and crosses back into the eastern portion of Adams County, passing through rural land and intersecting U.S. Route 30 (US 30) in Abbottstown and PA 234 in East Berlin. The route heads into the northwestern portion of York County and passes through Franklintown before coming to its northern terminus.
The section of PA 194 south of Hanover was part of the 18th-century Monocacy Road which connected Hanover to Frederick, Maryland. In the 19th century, the road between Littlestown and Hanover was the Hanover and Littlestown Turnpike while the road between Hanover and East Berlin was the Hanover and East Berlin Turnpike, both private turnpikes. In 1928, PA 194 was designated between US 140 (now PA 97) in Littlestown and PA 74 in Dillsburg along a paved road. Two years later, the route was extended from Littlestown to the Maryland border. The road was widened in the Hanover area in the 1940s and split into a one-way pair in downtown Hanover along with PA 116 by 1965. In 2002, a roundabout was constructed at the intersection with US 30 in Abbottstown.
PA 194 begins at the Maryland border in Germany Township, Adams County, heading northeast on two-lane undivided Frederick Pike. The road continues south into Maryland as MD 194. From the state line, the route passes through agricultural areas with a few residences and patches of woods. PA 194 turns northeast and enters Littlestown, running past a few businesses and heading into residential areas as King Street. The road heads east-northeast into the commercial downtown and intersects PA 97. Past this area, the route passes more homes and leaves Littlestown for Union Township, becoming Hanover Pike. PA 194 continues into farmland with some woods and residences, turning northeast again. The road passes through Lefevre and crosses the South Branch of the Conewago Creek into Conewago Township. The route runs through more agricultural surroundings and passes through Mount Pleasant.
PA 194 enters Penn Township in York County and becomes Frederick Street as it becomes lined with homes, continuing into Hanover. Upon reaching the Forney Avenue intersection, the route splits into a one-way pair with northbound PA 194 continuing along two-way Frederick Street and southbound PA 194 using Forney Avenue to one-way Chestnut Street. Both streets pass a mix of homes and businesses, continuing into the downtown area of Hanover. In this area, the route meets PA 116 and forms a concurrency with that route. In the commercial center, the one-way pair crosses PA 94, with northbound PA 116/PA 194 becoming Broadway at this point. A short distance later, PA 116 splits from PA 194 by turning east onto York Street, with northbound PA 194 continuing north as a one-way street. The one-way pair passes rowhomes, eventually merging with the route continuing north on two-way Broadway. The road crosses CSX's Hanover Subdivision and a York Railway line as it continues past a mix of residential and commercial buildings before becoming lined with homes. After intersecting Moulstown Road, PA 194 crosses back into Penn Township and becomes Abbottstown Pike as it enters agricultural areas with scattered development.
As the route enters more forested areas with some homes, it crosses into Berwick Township in Adams County and heads north through farmland and housing developments. PA 194 continues through a mix of hilly farms, woods, and homes before reaching Abbottstown. Here, the road becomes Queen Street and passes homes, intersecting US 30 in the center of town at a roundabout. After leaving Abbottstown, the route enters farmland, briefly passing through Berwick Township again as an unnamed road before continuing into Hamilton Township. The road runs through agricultural areas with scattered residential developments. Upon entering East Berlin, PA 194 becomes Abbottstown Street and passes homes. Upon crossing PA 234 in the center of town, the route becomes Harrisburg Street and crosses the Conewago Creek, heading through a small portion of Reading Township.
PA 194 enters Washington Township in York County and continues north through more farmland with some homes and woods as Baltimore Pike. The road turns northwest and enters a mix of agricultural areas and woodland. After crossing the Bermudian Creek, the route heads north again into more areas of farms along with a few patches of trees and homes. PA 194 eventually crosses into Franklin Township before continuing into Franklintown, where the road is lined with homes and is known as Baltimore Road. Upon leaving Franklintown, the route briefly enters Franklin Township again before crossing into Carroll Township and becoming Baltimore Street as it passes through more rural areas. PA 194 reaches its northern terminus at an intersection with PA 74 to the south of Dillsburg.
The portion of current PA 194 southwest of Hanover dates back to the 18th century as a section of the Monocacy Road connecting Hanover to Frederick, Maryland. The section of the road between Littlestown and Hanover was a private turnpike called the Hanover and Littlestown Turnpike while the portion between Hanover and East Berlin was the Hanover and East Berlin Turnpike, both dating to the 19th century. When Pennsylvania first legislated routes in 1911, present-day PA 194 was designated as part of Legislative Route 230 between Littlestown and Hanover and as part of Legislative Route 190 between Hanover and Abbottstown. PA 194 was designated in 1928 to run from US 140 (now PA 97) in Littlestown north to PA 74 south of Dillsburg, following its current alignment between the two points. At this time, the entire length of the route was paved. The road between the Maryland border and Littlestown was an unnumbered, paved road. By 1930, PA 194 was extended southwest from Littlestown to the Maryland border. In the 1940s, the route was widened between the border of York and Adams counties and the northern border of Hanover. By 1965, PA 116 and PA 194 were split into a one-way pair through downtown Hanover. In May 2002, a roundabout was proposed at the intersection with US 30 in Abbottstown in order to improve safety and reduce congestion along PA 194 for traffic having to stop at the intersection. The intersection at US 30 in the center of Abbottstown was converted to a roundabout in December 2002.
|Adams||Germany Township||0.000||0.000||MD 194 south (Francis Scott Key Highway) – Frederick||Southern terminus, continues as MD 194|
|Littlestown||2.742||4.413||PA 97 (Queen Street) – Gettysburg, Baltimore|
|York||Hanover||9.777||15.735||PA 116 west (High Street) – Gettysburg||South end of PA 116 concurrency|
|9.927||15.976||PA 94 (Carlisle Street, Baltimore Street)|
|9.984||16.068||PA 116 east (York Street)||North end of PA 116 concurrency|
|Adams||Abbottstown||16.146||25.984||US 30 (King Street) – Gettysburg, York||Roundabout|
|East Berlin||19.882||31.997||PA 234 (King Street)|
|York||Dillsburg||31.974||51.457||PA 74 (Carlisle Road)||Northern terminus|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- Bureau of Maintenance and Operations (January 2015). Roadway Management System Straight Line Diagrams (Report) (2015 ed.). Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. Retrieved June 30, 2015.
- Google (February 22, 2011). "overview of Pennsylvania Route 194" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved February 22, 2011.
- Adams County, Pennsylvania Highway Map (PDF) (Map). PennDOT. 2011. Retrieved February 22, 2011.
- York County, Pennsylvania Highway Map (PDF) (Map). PennDOT. 2011. Retrieved February 22, 2011.
- A History of Road Building in Maryland. Baltimore: Maryland State Roads Commission. December 15, 1958. pp. 10–11. Retrieved April 15, 2011.
- Commonwealth of Pennsylvania (1910). Official Documents, Comprising the Department and Other Reports Made to the Governor, Senate, and House of Representatives of Pennsylvania 8. Harrisburg, PA: C.E. Auginbaugh. Retrieved December 18, 2015.
- Map of Pennsylvania Showing State Highways (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1911. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
- Map of Pennsylvania (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1928. Retrieved May 7, 2015.
- Tourist Map of Pennsylvania (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1930. Retrieved June 24, 2010.
- Official Road Map of Pennsylvania (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1950. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
- General Highway Map York County, Pennsylvania (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1965. Retrieved December 16, 2015.
- Watson, Dick (May 29, 2002). "How about a roundabout?". Gettysburg Times (Gettysburg, PA: Gettysburg Times Publishing). p. A1, A5. Retrieved December 18, 2015.
- Watson, Dick (January 23, 2003). "Abbottstown square sees roundabout success". Gettysburg Times (Gettysburg, PA: Gettysburg Times Publishing). p. D1. Retrieved December 18, 2015.
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