Perehinske

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Swiss Pine forest reserve established by Andriy Sheptytsky, August 1939

Perehinske (Ukrainian: Перегінське, Polish: Perehińsko, Hebrew: פרהינסקו‎‎) is an urban-type settlement in Rozhniativ Raion in Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast of western Ukraine. It is the biggest settlement in the district, Rozhniativ Raion and is located 15 km(~10 mi) away from Rozhniativ, the administrative center. Population: 12,733 (2016 est.)[1].

History[edit]

According to Antoni Schneider's research,[2] the village was originally named Peren' hinul or Perehinulsko and could have been settled as early as 1292.[3] Already in the Middle Ages the village was given by Prince Fiodor Olgierdowic of Gediminids, duke of Ratno, Liuboml and Kobryn to the Orthodox cathedral of Krylos near Halicz. However, with time it passed into private hands and then the hands of the king of Poland. Around 1400 a small monastyr was built atop the Serhiy mountain overlooking the village.[4]

In 1548 king Sigismund I of Poland allowed certain bishop Makary of Lvov, Kamieniec and Halicz to buy the property back from private hands. However, the transaction was apparently never accomplished as in the following decades the village was still registered as a royal property in state's registers.[4] The conflict for the village's ownership lasted 230 years. The matter was first settled in 1593, when Stanisław Żółkiewski, then the castellan of Lvov, donated the village to Gedeon Balaban, the bishop of Lvov. It then passed to his relative Alexander, who died heir-less. In December 1638 king Władysław IV of Poland donated the village to his podczaszy Jan Stanisław Jabłonowski, father to hetman Stanisław Jan Jabłonowski. The conflict over the ownership of the village however continued, as the claim on the village was upheld by both the dis-uniate Orthodox bishop Arseniusz Żeliborski of Lvov and Uniate Basilian monks, who also claimed it on their own behalf.[4] It was only in May 1661 that king Jan Kazimierz of Poland finally ruled in favour of Jabłonowskis and annulled all claims by bishops of Lvov. However, as Jabłonowskis received numerous other villages and titles in Ruthenian Voivodeship, in 1690 the Sejm overruled that decision and granted the village to Orthodox cathedral of Krylos near Halicz.[4]

A royal lustration of 1660 revealed that the village had a manor, a tavern, Orthodox church, mill and 16 lans of arable land, of which 6 owned by local peasants and the rest belonging to the manor. Altogether the taxes from the village amounted to 1750 złoty.[4] In 1667 Perehińsko was raided by Tartars, the inhabitants however managed to flee to the mountains and escape unharmed.[4] On May 28, 1690 king Jan III Sobieski granted the village with a privilege to organise markets once a year. The village was seized by the Turks, who destroyed the local orthodox church, but was then retaken by royal forces. In commemoration of this victory, bishop Józef Szumlański founded a new Orthodox church and a small monastyr, both devoted to Saint Onuphrius.[4] Although the Jabłonowskis withdrew their claim to the village, the conflict continued, as bishop Szumlański claimed the village to himself rather than to Orthodox church in general and Basilian friars of Krylos continued to question that in courts for another 20 years, until bishop Lew Szeptycki finally settled the issue in 1780.

By 19th century the village grew to be one of the largest in the region, from its northern end to the southern outskirts it measured roughly 50 kilometres.[4] It was a property of Greek Catholic metropolitan bishops of Lvov.[4] In 1880 it had 4294 inhabitants, mostly Ruthenian. The facilities included numerous sawmills utilising wood from surrounding forests and exporting it via the Łomnica (Limnitsia) river, navigable for 6 months in a year.[4]

Although the mountainous region's soils were unsuitable for farming, it contained significant amounts of iron ore. Because of that in 1810 Greek Catholic metropolitan of Lvov Antoni Angełowicz founded a small iron mine to the south-west of the village in a suburb that came to be known as Angełówka, after its founder.[4] However, financial difficulties as well as technical problems led to the enterprises' failure and it went bankrupt already in 1818.[4]

According to the Polish census of 1921, there were 5917 people living in Perehińsko, including 612 Jews.[5] In 1939 the village was occupied by the Soviet Union and the following year it was declared an urban-type settlement, an administrative unit between a village and a town. Most traces of Jewish life were destroyed during and after World War II and currently only a devastated cemetery remains.[6]

Name[edit]

Perehinske is an official name, but also known as Perehins'ke, Pereginsko, Perehinsko, Perechinsko, Perekhinskoye, Перегинское, Perehińsko, Perekhin'sko, Prekhin'sko, Perechińsko, Perekhin'sko, Pereginskoye or Perensk.[7]

Administration[edit]

Perehinske has been in the following administrative districts:[7]

Time Name Powiat/Raion Province Country
Before World War I (c. 1900):   Perehińsko Dolina Galicia Austrian Empire
Between the wars (c. 1930):   Perehińsko Dolina Stanisławów Poland
After World War II (c. 1950):   Perehinske Rozhniativ Ivano-Frankivsk Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
Today (c. 2000):   Perehinske Rozhniativ Ivano-Frankivsk Ukraine

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 19 July 2016. 
  2. ^ (Polish) Antoni Schneider (1880) "Teki Schneidera", Materyały do sfragistyki miejscowości galicyjskich. VIII. Lwów: Ossolineum. pp. 745-790.
  3. ^ According to Verkhovna Rada official website.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Filip Sulimierski, ed. (1886). "Perehińsko". Geographical Dictionary of the Kingdom of Poland (in Polish). VII. Warsaw: Władysław Walewski. pp. 951–954. Retrieved 2011-06-14. 
  5. ^ "Perehinske". Jewish history of Galicia and Bukovina. The Leonid Nevzlin Research Center for Russian and East European Jewry. 2010-10-17. Retrieved June 14, 2011. 
  6. ^ Pinkas HaKehilot (1980). "Perehinsko". Poland. 2. pp. 421–422. 
  7. ^ a b "Perehinske, Ukraine". JewishGen. Museum of Jewish Heritage. Retrieved June 14, 2011. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°48′36″N 24°11′24″E / 48.81000°N 24.19000°E / 48.81000; 24.19000