Kobryn or Kobrin ( Belarusian: Ко́брын, pronounced ; [ˈkɔbrɨn] Ukrainian: Кобринь; Russian: Ко́брин; Yiddish: קאברין; Polish: ) is a city in the Kobryń Brest voblast of Belarus and the center of the Kobryn Raion. The city is located in the southwestern corner of Belarus where the Mukhavets River and Dnepr-Bug Canal meet. The city lies about 52 km east of the city of Brest. Kobryn is located at Latitude 52.12.58N and Longitude 24.21.59E. It is at an altitude of 485 feet. It is a station on the Brest – Homiel railway line. As of 1995, the population was around 51,500
History [ edit ]
In prehistoric times it was inhabited by the ancient
Baltic Yotvingian tribe.
At various times, the city has belonged to
Lithuanian and Polish states, to Imperial Russia, and to the Byelorussian SSR. First mentioned in the 11th century, since the late 13th century the town belonged to the princes of Volhynian Vladimir. Soon afterwards, in the early 14th century the town formed part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. A seat of a powiat authorities, between 1589 and 1766 it was a free city of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, located on Magdeburg Law. This allowed for a large number of Jews to settle in the area following the 16th century. The Jewish population in 1900 was 6,738. [2 ]
Partitions of Poland of 1795, the town was annexed by Imperial Russia. Occupied by Germany during World War I, following the Polish-Bolshevik War it was handed to Poland under the terms of the Treaty of Riga and became a seat of a powiat within the Polesie Voivodship. During the Polish Defensive War of 1939 the town was the scene of heavy fighting between the Polish 60th Infantry Division of Colonel Adam Epler and the German XIX Panzer Corps of General Heinz Guderian. After three days of fighting the Poles withdrew southwards. Between 1939 and 1941 the town was occupied by the Soviet Union, then from 23 June 1941 to 20 July 1944 by Nazi Germany and administered as a part of Reichskommissariat Ukraine. During the latter period the majority of Jewish inhabitants were first amassed in a ghetto and then murdered by the Nazis in their extermination camps. In 1944 the town was occupied once more by the USSR and attached to the Byelorussian SSR. Since 1991 it is a part of Belarus.
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
(in Belarusian, Russian and English) T.A.Khvagina (2005)
POLESYE from the Bug to the Ubort, Minsk Vysheysha shkola, ISBN 978-985-06-1153-6 (in Russian, English and Polish) Ye.N.Meshechko, A.A.Gorbatsky (2005)
Belarusian Polesye: Tourist Transeuropean Water Mains, Minsk.
External links [ edit ]
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Coordinates: 52°13′N 24°22′E / 52.217°N 24.367°E