Peter Kittilsby Schoening (July 30, 1927 – September 22, 2004) was an American mountaineer. Schoening was one of two Americans to first successfully climb the Pakistani peak Gasherbrum I in 1958, and was one of the first to summit Mount Vinson in Antarctica in 1966.
Schoening was born July 30, 1927, in Seattle, Washington to John and Gudrun Schoening, and grew up in Seattle. He dropped out of school to serve in the US Navy in the last year of the World War II. Later, he earned a degree in Chemical Engineering at the University of Washington, where he became involved in mountain climbing. He died of cancer at his home in Kenmore, Washington.
In August 1953, the same year that Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay climbed Everest, an American team of seven set out to climb K2 led by Charles Houston. On the seventh day, climbing without oxygen, they became trapped at over 25,000 feet (7,620 meters) on the Abruzzi Ridge of K2. One of the expedition members, Art Gilkey, collapsed with deep venous thrombosis, followed by pulmonary embolism. Realizing Gilkey would surely die if not taken off the mountain immediately, they began to lower Gilkey, wrapped in a sleeping bag, over treacherous rock and ice in the middle of a storm.
While attempting to traverse an ice sheet, climber George Irving Bell lost his footing, pulling Tony Streather loose. Streather fell into the rope joining Charles Houston and Bob Bates. Bates and Houston fell into the rope connecting Dee Molenaar to Gilkey. Schoening, despite already holding Gilkey on belay during the attempted traverse to Camp VII, was able, through strength, quickness, and skill, to arrest the fall of all six men, with his ice axe wedged against a boulder frozen in the mountainside. Schoening considered himself merely lucky, but his companions felt otherwise.
During the team's scramble to recover from the fall and establish a forced bivouac, they discovered that Gilkey, who had been in voice contact with them, suspended still in the protective sleeping bag from a line secured on either side of the ice axe, had vanished in a slide along with the supporting anchors. Houston, among others, has speculated that, following Bell's fall, Gilkey cut himself loose to save the lives of his five colleagues, who were variously injured and at risk for their own safety.
The story of the expedition is told in the book K2 — The Savage Mountain by Charles Houston, M.D. and Robert Bates. Today, The Belay is considered to be one of the most famous events in mountaineering history. Schoening's ice axe is currently on display at the Bradford Washburn American Mountaineering Museum in Golden, Colorado.
Schoening's actions clearly saved the lives of five of his climbing partners. He was awarded the David A. Sowles Memorial Award for his heroics by the American Alpine Club in 1981 as a "mountaineer who has distinguished himself, with unselfish devotion at personal risk or sacrifice of a major objective, in going to the assistance of fellow climbers imperiled in the mountains."
In 1996 at age 68, he went to Everest together with his nephew, Klev Schoening. He stopped his ascent well short of the summit, at Camp Three, after being diagnosed with an irregular heartbeat. The disastrous events of that week are recounted in several books, including: Into Thin Air by Jon Krakauer and The Climb by Anatoli Boukreev. In 2004, he died of bone cancer at his home in Kenmore, Washington at the age of 77. 
Fifty three years later, in 2006, the descendants of the men on the belay got together, calling themselves “The Children of ‘The Belay.'”. Attending were 28 children and grandchildren who would have never been born if it were not for Pete Schoening and his ice axe high on K2.
- Joel Connely, "In The Northwest: Pete Schoening to be forever remembered for The Belay", Seattle Times, September 23, 2004, accessed August 30, 2017, http://www.seattlepi.com/news/article/In-the-Northwest-Pete-Schoening-to-be-forever-1154947.php
- Rowell, Galen (1977). In The Throne Room of the Mountain Gods. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books. pp. 226–234. ISBN 0-87156-184-0.
- Houston, Charles and Bates, Robert (2000). K2 — The Savage Mountain New York: Lyons Press. p. 208 ISBN 1-58574-013-6
- Douglas, Ed (2004-10-03). "Pete Schoening: Legendary American mountaineer renowned for saving the lives of five companions on the slopes of K2". Guardian UK.
- "The Miracle Belay". Gripped Magazine. 2013-12-30.
- Krakauer, Jon (1999). Into Thin Air: A Personal Account of the Mt. Everest Disaster. New York: Anchor Books/Doubleday. ISBN 978-0-385-49478-6.
- Martin, Douglas (27 September 2004). "Pete Schoening, 77, Accomplished Climber, Is Dead". New York Times. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
- BRENDAN LEONARD (2012-11-28). "Mountaineer Pete Schoening and 'The Belay'". Adventure Journal.