Born at Heswall on the Wirral (then in Cheshire) Bromley was educated at Cheltenham College and Sandhurst. He served as a lieutenant in the 14th/20th King's Hussars, where he won the Bisley Cup for rifle shooting and came close to qualifying for Britain's modern pentathlon team for the 1952 Summer Olympics. He subsequently became the assistant to the British racehorse trainer Frank Pullen, and rode occasionally as an amateur jockey until he fractured his skull when a horse he was riding collided with a lorry.
Rise as a commentator
In 1955 he became one of the first racecourse commentators in Britain (his first commentary was at Plumpton on 23 March that year - delivering the immortal line ' Atom Bomb has fallen!', after earlier test commentaries at the now-defunct Hurst Park and at Sandown Park), and in four years he commentated at every course apart from Cartmel. He had also begun to commentate on television, initially (briefly) for ITV, but from 1958 for the BBC. On 13 May 1959, at Newmarket, he gave his first radio commentary. From 1 December 1959, he became the BBC's first racing correspondent, the first time the Corporation had appointed a specialist correspondent on any sport. This was a full-time job: no commercial involvements or advertisements were permitted, and even opening fetes was frowned upon. He would remain in this position until the summer of 2001, calling home the winners of 202 Classics, with the exception of the 1969 St Leger when he was on holiday - BBC colleague Julian Wilson covered for him - and the 1997 St Leger when Lee McKenzie stood in for him when he hurt his knee and could not climb up the stairs to the commentary box in Doncaster.
By 1960, criticism from the racing fraternity of Raymond Glendenning's commentaries - he showed little interest in the sport and required the assistance of a race reader - was intensifying, and the rise of television was making the field of commentary more specialised. Bromley was advised by Peter Dimmock not to go to radio because Peter O'Sullevan could not go on forever (O'Sullevan was only 42 at the time) and he would be the next in line, but after commentating for radio on a number of races in 1960, Bromley became BBC Radio's main racing commentator from the beginning of 1961 (Glendenning's last racing commentary was on the King George VI Chase at Kempton Park on 26 December 1960, although he would continue to commentate on football, racing and tennis until the early part of 1964). Bromley would, however, continue to commentate for BBC Television on occasions until around 1970, but for many years O'Sullevan and Bromley would have a running joke that had Bromley not gone to radio, he would have been the longest-serving understudy in broadcasting.
For forty years from 1961 to 2001, Peter Bromley gave the radio commentary on virtually every major race in the United Kingdom, plus the Irish Derby and Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe on many occasions, and races in the United States, Hong Kong and South Africa, where he stayed for some time in late 1974 and early 1975. He covered 42 Grand Nationals, 202 Classics, and over 10,000 races in all. His commentaries were heard on the Light Programme, Network Three, Third Network, Radio 2, Radio 5 and Five Live, and his voice became instantly associated with racing among listeners all over the world as his commentaries also went out on the BBC World Service.
His stentorian, almost military tones - which could turn almost instantly from calm Received Pronunciation to a roar of grand excitement - captured the drama and potency of horse racing, and his tireless championing of the sport within the BBC led to a dramatic expansion in the number of races covered - from only 50 a year in the early 1960s to over 250 by the 1980s, although in his later years that number would decline again. He was also responsible for the launch of a daily racing bulletin in 1964, which was axed in June 2007 when the bulletin was broadcast on Five Live.
The more memorable the race, the more memorable his commentary seemed to be: Shergar's Derby in 1981 was heralded with the words "It's Shergar ... and you'll need a telescope to see the rest!", encapsulating how far ahead of his field the horse was. The epic Grand National of 1973 was another example: "Red Rum wins it, Crisp second and the rest don't matter - we'll never see a race like this in a hundred years!". He could capture sheer tension with well-chosen words, for example when he said "Harden your hearts, gentlemen, this will be a race to remember" four fences from the end of Dawn Run's Cheltenham Gold Cup in 1986. In 1989, his commentary on Desert Orchid's Cheltenham Gold Cup success reached such levels of hysteria that he almost sounded as though he was about to fall out of the commentary box, but it too caught the mood of the day, and was said by long-time colleague John Inverdale to be Bromley's favourite commentary. Bromley's most emotional piece of commentary probably was his call in 1981 of Bob Champion winning the Grand National on Aldaniti.
Bromley, who never seemed to betray his partial deafness, was a conscientious professional, working hard to prepare for each commentary, often presenting winning trainers and owners with his charts, featuring the colours of each horse in a race, as souvenirs. He could display a short fuse with technicians, and was sometimes seen as difficult to work with: in his later years, he was especially angered when his broadcast of the Derby began as the runners were going in the stalls (French Open tennis had interfered), and when he was told through his earphones, near the end of a race at Royal Ascot on 16 June 1998, to finish immediately after the race because Five Live needed to go over to the United States for the result of the Louise Woodward trial. The senior producer visited Bromley the following day to apologise for the incident and took his wife for protection, knowing that Bromley was essentially a gentleman who would not have said what he was thinking of BBC management while women were present. Beneath his initially brusque surface, Bromley was an amiable and widely-admired man, with many friends both in and out of racing.
Later years and retirement
In his later years Bromley seemed to work less, giving much of his previous work over to commentator Lee McKenzie and reporter Cornelius Lysaght, while some said that his style was outmoded and that his age was affecting his reading of a race. He had intended to retire when he turned 70 in 1999, but continued until the age of 72 mainly because the BBC wanted him to commentate on 200 Classics, a record which is unlikely to be broken. He finally retired after Galileo's Epsom Derby victory on 9 June 2001, 40 years after his first Derby commentary on Psidium's shock 66-1 win.
Bromley's main pastimes were training gundogs and shooting game. He had hoped to continue these when he moved from Berkshire to Suffolk on his retirement, but he began to suffer from pancreatic cancer less than a year after his final broadcast, and fell victim to the cancer 15 months later. He was survived by his second wife (his first wife had been killed in a car crash in 1959) and his three daughters.