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Peter Trudgill, FBA (//; born 7 November 1943) is a sociolinguist, academic and author. He was born in Norwich, England, where he attended the City of Norwich School from 1955. Trudgill studied modern languages at King's College, Cambridge and obtained a PhD from the University of Edinburgh in 1971. Before becoming professor of sociolinguistics at the University of Essex he taught in the Department of linguistic science at the University of Reading from 1970 to 1986. He was professor of English language and linguistics at the University of Lausanne, Switzerland, from 1993 to 1998, and then at the University of Fribourg, also in Switzerland, from which he retired in September 2005. He is now (3 September 2008) part-time professor of sociolinguistics at the University of Agder in Kristiansand, Norway, and adjunct professor at the Research centre for linguistic typology at La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia, as well as honorary professor at the University of East Anglia, in Norwich, England. On June 2, 1995 he received an honorary doctorate from the Faculty of Humanities at Uppsala University, Sweden 
He has carried out linguistic fieldwork in Britain, Greece and Norway, and has lectured in most European countries, Canada, the United States, Colombia, Australia, New Zealand, India, Thailand, Hong Kong, Fiji, Malawi and Japan. Peter Trudgill is the honorary president of the Friends of Norfolk dialect society, and contributes a regular column on language and dialect to the Eastern Daily Press newspaper.
Trudgill is a well-known authority on dialects, as well as being one of the first to apply Labovian sociolinguistic methodology in the UK, and to provide a framework for studying dialect contact phenomena.
Trudgill is also the author of Chapter 1 ("The Meanings of Words Should Not be Allowed to Vary or Change") of the popular linguistics book "Language Myths" that he co-edited.
His works include:
- 1974 The Social Differentiation of English in Norwich (based on his Ph.D. thesis)
- 1976 Introduction to Sociolinguistics
- 1975 Accent, Dialect and the School
- 1979 English Accents and Dialects (with Arthur Hughes)
- 1980 Dialectology (with J. K. Chambers)
- 1982 International English (with Jean Hannah)
- 1982 Coping With America (Blackwell, 2nd edition 1986)
- 1983 On Dialect: Social and Geographical Perspectives
- 1984 Language in the British Isles
- 1984 Applied Sociolinguistics
- 1986 Dialects in Contact
- 1990 The Dialects of England
- 1990 Bad Language (with Lars Andersson)
- 1992 Introducing Language and Society
- 1998 Language Myths (with Laurie Bauer)
- 2001 Alternative Histories of English (with Richard J. Watts)
- 2002 Sociolinguistic Variation and Change
- 2003 A Glossary of Sociolinguistics
- 2003 Norfolk Origins 7: The Norfolk Dialect
- 2004 New-Dialect Formation: The Inevitability of Colonial Englishes
- 2004 New Zealand English: Its Origins and Evolution (with et al. Elizabeth Gordon, Lyle Campbell, Margaret Maclagan, Andrea Sudbury, Jennifer Hay)
- 2010 The Lesser-Known Varieties of English: An Introduction (with Daniel Schreier, Edgar W. Schneider)
- 2011 Sociolinguistic Typology: Social Determinants of Linguistic Complexity Oxford University Press
- "Gruppe 5: Filologi og språkvitenskap" (in Norwegian). Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. Retrieved 10 January 2011.