|Born||1 January 1878|
Chirpan, Ottoman Empire
|Died||29 October 1914 (aged 36)|
Sofia, Kingdom of Bulgaria
Peyo Yavorov (Bulgarian: Пейо (Кр.) Яворов; born Peyo Totev Kracholov, Пейо Тотев Крачолов; 13 January 1878 – 29 October 1914) was a Bulgarian Symbolist poet. He was considered to be one of the finest poetic talents in the fin de siècle Kingdom of Bulgaria. Yavorov was a prominent member of the "Misal" ("Мисъл") literary and cultural group. His life and work are closely connected with the liberation movement Internal Macedonian-Adrianople Revolutionary Organization in Macedonia. He was also a supporter of the Armenian Independence Movement, and wrote a number of poems about Armenians.
Most of his poems are romantic in subject, and dedicated to the two women in his life — Mina Todorova and Lora Karavelova. His first (and arguably greatest) love Mina died from tuberculosis, which greatly saddened Yavorov. She was buried in the cemetery of Boulogne Billancourt.
Later on he met Lora, the daughter of statesman Petko Karavelov. They were married, and the letters correspondence between them was considered evidence of their ardent and vivid love, and thus different from the relationship Yavorov had with Mina Todorova. In 1913, Lora shot herself and Yavorov tried to commit suicide. The bullet went through his temporal bone, which left him blind. In despair over the trial provoked by Lora's death and the rumor that he had killed her, Yavorov poisoned and then shot himself in autumn 1914, at the age of 36.
Yavorov Peak on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica is named after Peyo Yavorov. In addition, a number of elementary (primary), middle and high (secondary) schools across Bulgaria also bear his name (e.g. the Peyo Kr. Yavorov Middle/High School in Plovdiv).
- Peyo Kr. Yavorov Middle/High School in Plovdiv, official website in Bulgarian; retrieved 19 December 2009
- Article on the 'Peyo Kr. Yavorov Middle/High School' in Plovdiv, from BG Wikipedia; retrieved 19 December 2009
- A list of Bulgarian schools named after Peyo Yavorov, from the Bulgarian information portal Uchilishta.Guide-Bulgaria.com; retrieved 19 December 2009
- YEREVAN BASIC SCHOOL №131 NAMED AFTER PEYO YAVOROV. spyur.am
- Rozalia Hristova, "Road Scholars", in The Sofia Echo, 5 April 2001; retrieved 6 July 2007
- "Bulgarian poems in the public transport of Washington, D.C.", Radio Bulgaria, 31 May 2007; retrieved 6 July 2007
- Art Center Haskovo – "Peyo Yavorov", Cultural Community Center in Haskovo, Bulgaria.
- Tufarulo, G, M. Das Graue Elend – La fredda impenetrabile notte di Pejo Javorov, Roma: Passaporto, 2001.
- Media related to Peyo Yavorov at Wikimedia Commons