Philip Bounds

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Philip Bounds is a Marxist historian, journalist and critic. He holds a PhD in Politics from the University of Wales and has written a number of books, including Orwell and Marxism and British Communism and the Politics of Literature,1928–1939. .

Much of Dr Bounds's work is concerned with the intellectual history of the British Left. His book on George Orwell advances the controversial argument that Orwell's literary and cultural criticism was deeply influenced by the work of British communists. The book has been praised for its originality by leading Orwell scholars such as Peter Davison, John Newsinger and Jean-Jacques Rosat.

Philip Bounds has described himself as a "libertarian Marxist" and says that his "enduring belief is that individual liberty can only be achieved in a socialist society".[1] In some of his writings he has expressed cautious sympathy with free-market libertarians and has written pamphlets for the Libertarian Alliance. He once claimed that "The great virtue of right-wing libertarians is that they stolidly defend freedom even in the hardest cases." [2]

Bounds's work on the history of the left has been supplemented by shorter pieces on an eclectic range of subjects, including the music of Pete Townshend,[3] film[4] and the paranormal.[5]

He sits on the editorial board of Fifth Estate Online – A Journal of Radical Mass Media Criticism. His articles, reviews and essays have appeared in a range of journals and newspapers including Cultural Logic, Nature, Society and Thought, Critique, Fifth Estate Online, Freedom in a Puritan Age, The Individual, the Morning Star, Weekly Worker and Caravan.

Select Bibliography[edit]

  • "Learning from his Enemies: George Orwell and British Communism" in Richard Keeble (ed), Orwell Today, Bury St. Edmunds: Abramis, 2012.

Selected Discussions of Bounds's Work[edit]


  1. ^ Bounds, Philip. "About Dr. Philip Bounds". Retrieved 9 February 2014. 
  2. ^ Bounds, Philip. "Lying About Libertarians". Fifth Estate Online, February 2008. Retrieved 27 February 2014. 
  3. ^ Bounds, Philip. "Come to the Lifehouse: Pete Townshend’s Unfinished Utopia". Fifth Estate Online, March 2007. Retrieved 28 February 2014. 
  4. ^ Bounds, Philip. "Tintin and the Anti-Semites: Spielberg’s Ambivalent Tribute to Hergé". Fifth Estate Online, November 2011. Retrieved 28 February 2014. 
  5. ^ Bounds, Philip. "Orwell and the Paranormal". The Orwell Society. Retrieved 28 February 2014. 

External links[edit]