Bruces' Philosophers Song
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"Bruces' Philosophers Song (Bruces' Song)" is a popular Monty Python song written and composed by Eric Idle that was a feature of the group's stage appearances and its recordings. In the related sketch, it was sung by the faculty of the Philosophy Department of the Australian University of Woolloomooloo. (Woolloomooloo is an inner suburb of Sydney. There is no university there, though the real-life University of Sydney is not far away.) The fictitious faculty first appeared in the Bruces sketch in the TV show Monty Python's Flying Circus, but the song was not part of the sketch and first appeared much later on the album Matching Tie and Handkerchief as a coda for the sketch. It was subsequently included in most of their live shows, sometimes as a singalong with musical accompaniment provided by a Jew's harp.
There is some debate[who?] over whether the sixth line is supposed to be "Schopenhauer and Hegel" or just "Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel". The reason for the confusion is that existing live recordings of the song (included in the Monty Python Live at the Hollywood Bowl film and on the albums Live at Drury Lane and Live at City Center) have the "Schopenhauer and Hegel" version, while the studio recording on Matching Tie and Handkerchief features the "Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel" version. However, the publication of the lyrics with the release of Monty Python Sings suggests[original research?] that the "Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel" version is the official one.
All the thinkers whom the song mentions were dead by the time it appeared, apart from Martin Heidegger.
Philosophers mentioned in the song (in order):
- Immanuel Kant
- Martin Heidegger
- David Hume
- Arthur Schopenhauer (some versions)
- G.W.F. Hegel
- Ludwig Wittgenstein
- Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel and/or August Wilhelm Schlegel
- Friedrich Nietzsche
- Socrates (the only one mentioned twice in the song)
- John Stuart Mill
- Thomas Hobbes
- René Descartes
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Some of the philosophers are portrayed according to their works.
- Kant being "very rarely stable" harkens to his theory of a stable universe.
- John Stuart Mill becoming ill "of his own free will" alludes to his work On Liberty, which argues for liberty that does no harm to others.
- Plato is, famously, the author of the dialogue Symposium, taking place at a drinking party, as the title itself says. Socrates appears prominently in it.
- The Descartes line, "I drink therefore I am", is a twist on his well known phrase "Cogito, ergo sum," or "I think therefore I am".
- Monty Python Sings CD booklet. 1989 Virgin Records
- Gary L. Hardcastle, George A. Reisch, Monty Python and philosophy: nudge nudge, think think!