Phliantidae

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Phliantidae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Amphipoda
Suborder: Gammaridea
Superfamily: Talitroidea
Family: Phliantidae
Stebbing, 1899
Genera

See text.

Phliantidae is a family of isopod-like amphipod crustaceans chiefly from the southern hemisphere.

Description[edit]

Members of the family Phliantidae are unusual among the order Amphipoda, because they have dorso-ventrally flattened bodies with a pronounced dorsal keel, rather than being flattened side-to-side.[1] Because of this, and various other factors, including the square-ended form of the rostrum, they resemble isopods.[2]

Distribution and ecology[edit]

Most species are found in the Southern Hemisphere, where they live on algae in the intertidal zone.[3]

Taxonomy[edit]

Phliantidae was originally proposed by Thomas Roscoe Rede Stebbing in 1899 for a group that also contained the genera currently placed in the family Prophliantidae, while Temnophlias has also been moved from Phliantidae to its own monotypic families.[4] It contains the following genera:[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Charles Oliver Coleman (2009). J. K. Lowry & A. A. Myers, ed. "Benthic Amphipoda (Crustacea: Peracarida) of the Great Barrier Reef, Australia" (PDF). Zootaxa. 2260: 766–770.  |chapter= ignored (help)
  2. ^ Sol Felty Light & James T. Carlton (2007). "Phliantidae". The Light and Smith manual: intertidal invertebrates from central California to Oregon (4th ed.). University of California Press. p. 558. ISBN 978-0-520-23939-5. 
  3. ^ James K. Lowry (2003). "Phliantidae Stebbing, 1899". Peracarida : Amphipoda, Cumacea, Mysidacea. Volume 2, Part 2 of Zoological catalogue of Australia: Crustacea: Malacostraca. CSIRO Publishing. pp. 221–223. ISBN 978-0-643-06902-2. 
  4. ^ Cristiana S. Serejo (2003). "Cladistic revision of talitroidean amphipods (Crustacea, Gammaridea), with a proposal of a new classification" (PDF). Zoologica Scripta. 33: 551–586. doi:10.1111/j.0300-3256.2004.00163.x. 
  5. ^ Claude De Broyer, Mark Costello & Denise Bellan-Santini (2010). J. Lowry, ed. "Phliantidae". World Amphipoda database. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved October 9, 2010.