Phyllis Frye

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Phyllis Randolph Frye
Associate Judge for the City of Houston Municipal Courts
Assumed office
November 17, 2010
Appointed by Annise Parker
Personal details
Nationality American
Alma mater Texas A&M University

Phyllis Randolph Frye is an Associate Judge for the Municipal Courts in the US city of Houston, Texas. Frye is the first openly transgender judge appointed in the United States.[1][2][3]

Early life and education[edit]

Phyllis Frye, born circa 1946, is a transgender woman and an Eagle Scout, and was a member of the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.[4] Frye graduated from Texas A&M University[5] with a B.S. in Civil Engineering and an M.S. in Mechanical Engineering.[6] While at Texas A&M, Frye was a member of the University's Corps of Cadets,[4] belonged to the Texas A&M Singing Cadets and got married.[7] She was honorably discharged from the United States Army in 1972. She transitioned in 1976, and earned an M.B.A. and J.D. from the University of Houston.[6]


On November 17, 2010, Houston mayor Annise Parker appointed Frye as an Associate Judge for the City of Houston Municipal Courts.[1][2] Parker and Frye had been friends for three decades, having met on a lesbian softball league. [8] Her appointment was publicly opposed by the Houston Area Pastoral Council and other local pastors, but Mayor Parker expressed admiration for Frye, citing the new judge's long experience as a trial attorney.[2][3] The Houston City Council unanimously approved of her appointment.[3] On April 28, 2013, Frye was presented with the Lifetime Achievement Award by the Transgender Foundation of America.[9]


  1. ^ a b Wright, John (November 17, 2010). "Phyllis Frye becomes Texas' 1st trans judge". Dallas Voice. Retrieved July 8, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c Connelly, Richard (November 18, 2011). "Phyllis Frye: Annise Parker Appoints Houston's First Transgender Judge (That We Know Of)". Houston Press. Retrieved July 8, 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c McDonald, Sally (November 17, 2010). "Judge Appointment Angers Pastors: First transgender judge in Texas". FOX 26 TV News. Retrieved July 8, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b Feldman, Claudia (April 30, 2009). "Texas A&M hands out first Phyllis Frye award". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved July 8, 2011. 
  5. ^ Rogers, Brian (November 19, 2010). "A Journey for Her Peers: Phyllis Frye, who fought for transgender rights, is now a judge". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved July 8, 2011. 
  6. ^ a b Frye, Phyllis (2001). "The International Bill of Gender Rights vs. The Cider House Rules: Transgenders struggle with the courts over what clothing they are allowed to wear on the job, which restroom they are allowed to use on the job, their right to marry, and the very definition of their sex". William and Mary Journal of Women and the Law. 7: 133. 
  7. ^ Alanis, Marissa (October 10, 1996). "Former Cadet Discusses Transgender Issues" (PDF). The Battalion. Retrieved July 2, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Creating Change: Phyllis Frye, Tonya Parker reflect on being LGBT judicial pioneers in Texas". Archived from the original on 2014-03-26. 
  9. ^ "Phyllis Frye: Lifetime Achievement Award". 

Further reading[edit]