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Phyllocarpus septentrionalis16.JPG
Barnebydendron septentrionalis in bloom
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Detarioideae
Genus: Barnebydendron
J.H.Kirkbr. 1999
Species: B. riedelii
Binomial name
Barnebydendron riedelii
(Tul.) J.H.Kirkbr. 1999

See text.

  • Phyllocarpus Riedel ex Tul. 1843
  • Phyllocarpus riedelii Tul. 1843
  • Phyllocarpus septentrionalis Donn. Sm. 1913

Barnebydendron riedelii, also known as monkey-flower tree and fire of Pakistan (Thai: ประดู่แดง), is a species of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae. It belongs to the sub family Caesalpinioideae.[3] It is the only member of the genus Barnebydendron. It is a tree reaching 10–12 m in height with scarlet red flowers. Originally it came from tropical dry forests of Central America, but it has been extensively grown in tropical areas worldwide as a garden tree.


  1. ^ Kirkbride JH (1999). "Barnebydendron, a new generic name (Fabaceae, Caesalpinioideae, Detarieae, Brownea Group)". SIDA, Contributions to Botany. 18 (3): 815–818. JSTOR 41968900. 
  2. ^ Warwick MC, Lewis GP, de Lima HC (2008). "A reappraisal of Barnebydendron (Leguminosae: Caesalpinioideae: Detarieae)". Kew Bulletin. 63 (1): 143–149. doi:10.1007/s12225-007-9001-y. 
  3. ^ EOL

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