|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
Sarcoca dodecandra, basionym Phytolacca dodecandra, commonly known as endod, gopo berry, or African soapberry, is a trailing shrub or climber native to Tropical Africa, Southern Africa, and Madagascar.
Endod (as it is known in Amharic or shibti in Tigrigna ) has been selected and cultivated by Africans for centuries, particularly in Ethiopia and Eritrea. It is used as a soap and shampoo as well as a poison to stun fish. Endod is lethal to snails - a fact discovered by Ethiopian scientists - and may be effective controlling schistosomiasis. After Aklilu Lemma, an Ethiopian scientist, demonstrated endod's potency to American scientists, they took out a patent, hoping to sell endod as a biological control for the Zebra mussel, a pest in the Great Lakes of the US and Canada.
- Hanelt, Peter (2001), Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops (Except Ornamentals), Springer, ISBN 3-540-41017-1
- US 5252330, Lee, Harold H.; Peter C. Fraleigh & Aklilu Lema, "Method of controlling zebra mussels with extract of Phytolacca dodecandra", issued 1993
- US 5334386, Lee, Harold H. & Peter C. Fraleigh, "Method of controlling zebra mussels", issued 1994
- Prelude Medicinal Plants Database
- Dressler, S.; Schmidt, M. & Zizka, G. (2014). "Phytolacca dodecandra". African plants – a Photo Guide. Frankfurt/Main: Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg.
|This Caryophyllales article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|