|Elevation||360 m (1,180 ft)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Pićan (Italian: Pedena, Chakavian: Pićon) is a village and municipality in the central part of Istria, Croatia, 12 km southeast of Pazin; elevation 360 m. The chief occupations are agriculture and livestock breeding. It is situated on the Pazin-Kršan-Vozilići regional road. There is a railway station on the Divača-Pula route in Podpićan.
In Roman times, a military stronghold called Petina was located here. The town was the seat of the first diocese in central Istria from the 5th to 18th centuries, and a medieval commune with governors and officers. The town gate (14th-15th century) has been preserved.
Diocese of Pićan
A three-nave church was erected in 1738 at the location of an earlier cathedral; the main altar is adorned with a painting of The Annunciation by Valentin Metzinger. Many of the local bishops are buried in the church nave. Its 48-m bell tower stands separate from the church; it is the third highest in Istria and offers a good view.
Martin of Pićan, a bishop of Pićan, was the general vicar of Carniola and had his seat in Ljubljana (then named Laibach) before the establishment of the Diocese of Ljubljana in 1461. In 1456, he was buried in the town's St. Nicholas's Church, the predecessor of the modern Ljubljana Cathedral, and has retained a gravestone in the cathedral.
- 2001 Census data, dzs.hr
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