Piano Trios, Op. 1 (Beethoven)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Piano Trios
by Ludwig van Beethoven
Beethoven Riedel 1801.jpg
Beethoven in 1801, portrait by Carl Traugott Riedel
DedicationPrince Lichnowsky
Performed1795 (1795): Vienna

Ludwig van Beethoven's Opus 1 is a set of three piano trios (written for piano, violin, and cello), first performed in 1795 in the house of Prince Lichnowsky, to whom they are dedicated.[1] The trios were published in 1795.

Despite the Op. 1 designation, these trios were not Beethoven's first published compositions;[2] this distinction belongs rather to his Dressler Variations for keyboard (WoO 63). Clearly he recognized the Op. 1 compositions as the earliest ones he had produced that were substantial enough (and marketable enough) to fill out a first major publication to introduce his style of writing to the musical public.

Op. 1 No. 1 - Piano Trio No. 1 in E-flat major[edit]

The first movement opens with an ascending arpeggiated figure (a so-called Mannheim Rocket, like that opening the first movement of the composer's own Piano Sonata no 1, Opus 2 no 1),[3]

Op. 1 No. 2 - Piano Trio No. 2 in G major[edit]

Op. 1 No. 3 - Piano Trio No. 3 in C minor[edit]

Unlike the other piano trios in this opus, the third trio does not have a scherzo as its third movement but a minuet instead.

This third piano trio was later reworked by Beethoven into the C minor string quintet, Op. 104.[4]


  1. ^ Beethoven's Trios for string instruments, wind instruments and for mixed ones. All About Beethoven. Retrieved 2011-12-10
  2. ^ "Beethoven's first childhood composition is predictably incredible for a 12-year-old". Classic FM. Retrieved 2021-05-13.
  3. ^ Cummings, Robert. "Piano Sonata No. 1 in F minor, Op. 2/1 (1793–1795)" in All Music Guide to Classical Music: The Definitive Guide to Classical Music, p. 106 (Chris Woodstra, Gerald Brennan, Allen Schrott eds., Hal Leonard Corporation, 2005).
  4. ^ String Quintet in C minor, Op. 104. Hyperion Records. Retrieved 2011-12-10

External links[edit]