Pierre Bitôt was born in 1822 in Podensac, département de la Gironde, Aquitaine. He attended medical school in Bordeaux, qualifying in 1846. He gained his M.D. in 1848 from the faculty of Paris, and joined the anatomy department in Bordeaux. He became Professor of anatomy in 1854, and gained his Chirurgien des Hôpitaux in 1878. He died in February 1888.