Pierre Parisot

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Pierre Parisot (1697–1769) was a French missionary, Capuchin monk, and priest. He took several names like Père Norbert, Curé Parisot, Norbert de Bar-le-Duc, Norbert de Lorraine, or Abbé Platel.[1][2] [3]

He opposed Jesuits and wrote against them in his "Memoirs of the East Indian Missions" in 1744, exposing the methods in which they were obtaining the conversions.[3][4][5]

Early life[edit]

He was born at Bar-le-Duc in 1697. He entered into holy orders and was dispatched by his order on a mission to India as a Capuchin friar. He became Capuchin monk in 1716 and later, priest in 1729. In December 1736, he was appointed as Procurator of the French mission and was sent to Malabar and later to Pondicherry.[2][6] He stayed four years in India, including three years in Pondicherry where he came in contact with Jesuits that lead into a conflict.

Conflict with Jesuits[edit]

During his stay in Pondicherry, he came in contact with Jesuits leading to a conflict on the issue-the struggle of the Malabaric rites. Claude de Visdelou, a French Jesuit missionary, during his missionary work in China had issues in regulating and prohibiting the use of Chinese Rites. Visdelou had already arrived Pondicherry from China on June 25, 1709, much before Parisot. Visdelou remained in Pondicherry till he died in the House of French Capuchins as he was not allowed to return to France. As both Visdelou in exile and Pierre Parisot were living in the same House of the Capuchins in the same town, they had issues regarding Malabari rites and thus led into the conflict.[2][3]

The jesuits in return procured Pierre Parisot recal in 1744 as his conduct gave great offence to the jesuits. Upon return to France, he published Historical Memoirs of the Missions in the Indies - a work highly vituperative of the Society of Jesus. However, his own Order of Friars Minor Capuchin didn't support Pierre Parisot this time, and instead operated so strongly to force him into England.[6]

During his stay in England, he supported himself by establishing a Tapestry and Turkey carpet manufactory at Paddington, under the patronage of Duke of Cumberland. He moved it in 1753, to Fulham High Street, possibly on the site of the present Nos. 49-55 with the idea of a 'youth training scheme' and where the Gobelins Manufactory had already been established.[7] He finally returned to France, under the name of Abbé Platel, visiting part of Germany and Portugal undergoing persecution.[5][6]

After returning to France, he again wrote and published his principal work - History of the Society of Jesus, from its first foundation by Ignatius Loyola, in 6 volumes.[6]

Works[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ J. Thomas (January 2005). Universal Pronouncing Dictionary of Biography and Mythology Part Three. Kessinger Publishing. p. 1697. ISBN 9781419173967. Retrieved February 6, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c Europe & the Far East - p.173-174 - Pierre Parisot (or Curé Parisot, Norbert de Bar-le-Duc, Norbert de Lorraine, or Abbé Platel
  3. ^ a b c Miller, Samuel (1978). Portugal and Rome c. 1748-1830:an aspect of the Catholic enlightenment. Gregorian&Biblical BookShop. p. 16. Retrieved February 6, 2012. Pierre Parisot, known also as Père Norbert and Abbé Platel, published many works against the Jesuits from the time he was a missionary on the Malabar coast through his years in Lisbon in the service of Pombal. 
  4. ^ The life and correspondence of Philip Yorke, earl of Hardwicke, lord high chancellor of Great Britain Pierre Parisot (1697-1770), Roman Catholic monk and later, in 1736
  5. ^ a b York, Philip (1913). The life and correspondence of Philip Yorke, earl of Hardwicke, lord high chancellor of Great Britain. Cambridge : University Press. p. 281. Retrieved February 6, 2012. 
  6. ^ a b c d Gorton, John (1883). A general biographical dictionary, Volume 2. Whittaker and Co. p. 700. Retrieved February 6, 2012. 
  7. ^ Denny, Barbara (1997). Fulham Past. London: Historical Publications. p. 107. ISBN 0 948667 43 5. 

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