Pisces in Chinese astronomy

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The modern constellation Pisces lies across two of the quadrants symbolized by the Black Tortoise of the North (北方玄武, Běi Fāng Xuán Wǔ) and White Tiger of the West (西方白虎, Xī Fāng Bái Hǔ), and Three Enclosures (三垣, Sān Yuán), that divide the sky in traditional Chinese uranography.

The name of the western constellation in modern Chinese is 雙魚座 (shuāng yú zuò), which means "the pair of fish constellation".


The map of Chinese constellation in constellation Pisces area consists of :

Four Symbols / Enclosures Mansion / Enclosure (Chinese name) Romanization Translation Asterisms (Chinese name) Romanization Translation Western star name Chinese star name Romanization Translation
Three Enclosures (三垣) 紫微垣 Zǐ Wēi Yuán Purple Forbidden enclosure
傳舍 Chuánshě Guest House 20 Psc 傳舍一 Chuánshěyī 1st star
Black Tortoise of the North (北方玄武) Shì Encampment 壘壁陣 Lěibìzhèn Line of Ramparts
27 Psc 壘壁陣九 Lěibìzhènjiǔ 9th star
29 Psc 壘壁陣十 Lěibìzhènshí 10th star
33 Psc 壘壁陣十一 Lěibìzhènshíyī 11th star
30 Psc 壘壁陣十二 Lěibìzhènshíèr 12th star
20 Psc 壘壁陣增四 Lěibìzhènzēngsì 4th additional star
24 Psc 壘壁陣增五 Lěibìzhènzēngwǔ 5th additional star
4 Cet[1] 壘壁陣增六 Lěibìzhènzēngliù 6th additional star
5 Cet[1] 壘壁陣增七 Lěibìzhènzēngqī 7th additional star
Wall [2] Wall
37 Psc 壁宿增十一 Bìsùzēngshíyī 11th additional star
42 Psc 壁宿增十二 Bìsùzēngshíèr 12th additional star
43 Psc 壁宿增十三 Bìsùzēngshísān 13th additional star
49 Psc 壁宿增十四 Bìsùzēngshísì 14th additional star
48 Psc 壁宿增十五 Bìsùzēngshíwǔ 15th additional star
40 Psc 壁宿增十六 Bìsùzēngshíliù 16th additional star
39 Psc 壁宿增十七 Bìsùzēngshíqī 17th additional star
47 Psc 壁宿增二十 Bìsùzēngèrshí 20th additional star
46 Psc 壁宿增二十一 Bìsùzēngèrshíyī 21st additional star
52 Psc 壁宿增二十二 Bìsùzēngèrshíèr 22nd additional star
霹靂 Pīlì Thunderbolt
β Psc[3]
霹靂一 Pīlìyī 1st star
九卿 Jiǔqīng Nine senior officers
γ Psc[3] 霹靂二 Pīlìèr 2nd star
θ Psc[3] 霹靂三 Pīlìsān 3rd star
ι Psc[3] 霹靂四 Pīlìsì 4th star
ω Psc[3] 霹靂五 Pīlìwu 5th star
3 Psc 霹雳增一 Pīlìzēngyī 1st additional star
2 Psc 霹雳增二 Pīlìzēngèr 2nd additional star
5 Psc 霹雳增三 Pīlìzēngsān 3rd additional star
7 Psc 霹靂增四 Pīlìzēngsì 4th additional star
26 Psc 霹靂增八 Pīlìzēngbā 8th additional star
雲雨 Yúnyǔ Cloud and Rain
κ Psc[3] 雲雨一 Yúnyǔyī 1st star
12 Psc[4] 雲雨二 Yúnyǔèr 2nd star
21 Psc 雲雨三 Yúnyǔsān 3rd star
λ Psc[3] 雲雨四 Yúnyǔsì 4th star
11 Psc 雲雨增一 Yúnyǔzēngyī 1st additional star
14 Psc[4] 雲雨增二 Yúnyǔzēngèr 2nd additional star
13 Psc 雲雨增三 Yúnyǔzēngsān 3rd additional star
9 Psc 雲雨增四 Yúnyǔzēngsì 4th additional star
15 Psc 雲雨增五 Yúnyǔzēngwǔ 5th additional star
16 Psc 雲雨增六 Yúnyǔzēngliù 6th additional star
19 Psc 雲雨增七 Yúnyǔzēngqī 7th additional star
22 Psc 雲雨增八 Yúnyǔzēngbā 8th additional star
25 Psc 雲雨增九 Yúnyǔzēngjiǔ 9th additional star
土公 Tǔgōng Official for Earthworks and Buildings
32 Psc 土公一 Tǔgōngyī 1st star
47 Psc 土公二 Tǔgōngèr 2nd star
31 Psc 土公增一 Tǔgōngzēngyī 1st additional star
34 Psc 土公增二 Tǔgōngzēngèr 2nd additional star
35 Psc 土公增三 Tǔgōngzēngsān 3rd additional star
36 Psc 土公增四 Tǔgōngzēngsì 4th additional star
41 Psc 土公增五 Tǔgōngzēngwǔ 5th additional star
51 Psc 土公增六 Tǔgōngzēngliù 6th additional star
44 Psc 土公增七 Tǔgōngzēngqī 7th additional star
White Tiger of the West (西方白虎) Kuí Legs Kuí Legs
65 Psc 奎宿三 Kuísùsān 3rd star
σ Psc[5] 奎宿十 Kuísùshí 10th star
τ Psc[5] 奎宿十一 Kuísùshíyī 11th star
91 Psc 奎宿十二 Kuísùshíèr 12th star
υ Psc[5] 奎宿十三 Kuísùshísān 13th star
φ Psc[5] 奎宿十四 Kuísùshísì 14th star
χ Psc[5] 奎宿十五 Kuísùshíwǔ 15th star
ψ¹ Psc[5] 奎宿十六 Kuísùshíliù 16th star
55 Psc 奎宿增二 Kuísùzēngèr 2nd additional star
54 Psc 奎宿增三 Kuísùzēngsān 3rd additional star
59 Psc 奎宿增四 Kuísùzēngsì 4th additional star
64 Psc 奎宿增五 Kuísùzēngwǔ 5th additional star
66 Psc 奎宿增六 Kuísùzēngliù 6th additional star
ψ³ Psc 奎宿增七 Kuísùzēngqī 7th additional star
ψ² Psc 奎宿增八 Kuísùzēngbā 8th additional star
67 Psc 奎宿增十 Kuísùzēngshí 10th additional star
68 Psc 奎宿增十一 Kuísùzēngshíyī 11th additional star
82 Psc 奎宿增十三 Kuísùzēngshísān 13th additional star
78 Psc 奎宿增十四 Kuísùzēngshísì 14th additional star
外屏 Wàipíng Outer Fence
δ Psc[5] 外屏一 Wàipíngyī 1st star
ε Psc[5] 外屏二 Wàipíngèr 2nd star
ζ Psc[5] 外屏三 Wàipíngsān 3rd star
μ Psc[5] 外屏四 Wàipíngsì 4th star
ν Psc[5] 外屏五 Wàipíngwu 5th star
ξ Psc[5] 外屏六 Wàipíngliù 6th star
α Psc[5] 外屏七 Wàipíngqī 7th star
72 Psc 外屏增一 Wàipíngzēngyī 1st additional star
75 Psc 外屏增二 Wàipíngzēngèr 2nd additional star
88 Psc 外屏增三 Wàipíngzēngsān 3rd additional star
80 Psc 外屏增四 Wàipíngzēngsì 4th additional star
77 Psc 外屏增五 Wàipíngzēngwu 5th additional star
73 Psc 外屏增六 Wàipíngzēngliù 6th additional star
70 Psc 外屏增七 Wàipíngzēngqī 7th additional star
62 Psc 外屏增八 Wàipíngzēngbā 8th additional star
60 Psc 外屏增九 Wàipíngzēngjiǔ 9th additional star
89 Psc 外屏增十四 Wàipíngzēngshísì 14th additional star
112 Psc 外屏增十五 Wàipíngzēngshíwu 15th additional star
Lóu Bond [2] Lóu Bond
3 Ari[6] 婁宿增二 Lóusùzēngèr 2nd additional star
107 Psc 婁宿增三 Lóusùzēngsān 3rd additional star
右更 Yòugèng Official in Charge of the Pasturing
ρ Psc[5] 右更一 Yòugèngyī 1st star
η Psc[5] 右更二 Yòugèngèr 2nd star
π Psc[5] 右更三 Yòugèngsān 3rd star
ο Psc[5] 右更四 Yòugèngsì 4th star
104 Psc[4] 右更五 Yòugèngwu 5th star
94 Psc 右更增一 Yòugèngzēngyī 1st additional star
101 Psc 右更增二 Yòugèngzēngèr 2nd additional star
100 Psc 右更增四 Yòugèngzēngsì 4th additional star
HD 8356 右更增五 Yòugèngzēngwǔ 5th additional star

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b the star is actually located in the constellation of Pisces near the border of Cetus
  2. ^ a b this is not original mansion for this constellation and listing is only for additional stars
  3. ^ a b c d e f g (Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 8 日
  4. ^ a b c (Chinese) 夢之大地 @ 國立成功大學 WebBBS DreamLand @ National Cheng Kung University WebBBS System
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q (Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 5 月 19 日
  6. ^ the star is actually located in the constellation of Pisces near the border of Aries

External links[edit]