Plan of San Luis Potosí
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The Plan of San Luis de Potosí (Plan de San Luis, in Spanish) was a political document written by Francisco Madero which was published in 1910. This document was triggered when Diaz stole the presidential election from Madero by getting him arrested and imprisoned. Madero escaped his imprisonment and stayed in San Antonio, Texas. The plan was published in San Luis Potosí, Mexico in 1910.
This document contained many reasons why Diaz should not be in power anymore: scandalous election winning, stripping away of land, degrading citizens, and the causing of bankruptcy. The document, or 'plan', called for the destruction of Díaz's authoritarian presidency and the re-institution of democracy through violent direct action on the part of the Mexican populace. The results of this document were the start of the Mexican revolution and the collapse of the Presidency of Porfirio Díaz.
The Plan asked the Mexican people to rise up in arms on Sunday, November 20, 1910, at 6:00 pm and revolt against Diaz and overthrow his government. The first action occurred two days earlier, when Aquiles Serdán was found to be part of Madero's revolution in the state of Puebla and was forced to an early fight in his home, helped by his family. Most of them died. After that, the Mexican Revolution broke out on November 20, 1910 against the political, commercial and social policies of the regime, taking "Sufragio Efectivo, No Reelección [Effective Suffrage – No Re-election!]" as a slogan. This slogan can still be found at the foot of many official and legal documents written in Mexico.
The people of Mexico overthrew the government ran by Diaz in May 1911. After Diaz was over thrown the people established the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI). Two years later in 1913 another military coup took action and imprisoned Madero. They then forced him to resign. He was executed in February 1913.
- Partial English translation of the preamble to the Plan