Platyzoma

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Platyzoma
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pteridophyta
Class: Pteridopsida
Order: Polypodiales
Family: Pteridaceae
Subfamily: Pteridoideae
Genus: Platyzoma
R.Br.
Species: P. microphyllum
Binomial name
Platyzoma microphyllum
R.Br.
Synonyms

Pteris platyzomopsis

Platyzoma microphyllum, the sole species in genus Platyzoma, is a fern native to northern Australia. It occurs in the Kimberley region of Western Australia; in the Northern Territory and Queensland, and in northern New South Wales, where it is considered endangered. Vernacular names include Braid Fern.

Characteristics[edit]

Platyzoma is unusual among ferns in that it may display incipient heterospory.[1]

Microsporangia produce 32 microspores, each 71-101μm in diameter. Megasporangia produce 16 megaspores, each 163-183μm in diameter. Microspores produce a filamentous microgametophyte, which lacks rhizoids and gives rise only to antheridia. Megaspores produce spatulate megagametophytes with rhizoids, which produce archegonia. Megagametophytes may later produce antheridia, making them functionally bisexual. Development of gametophytes is not endosporic.[2]

Taxonomy[edit]

Platyzoma is usually placed in the family Pteridaceae, but some botanists place it alone in Platyzomataceae. Tryon has speculated that Platyzoma, with its incipient heterospory, unusual chromosome number (2n=78) and other features may represent a stage transitional to the heterosporous aquatic ferns.[1]

In 1827 Nicaise Auguste Desvaux included in Platyzoma additional species, such as Gleichenia alpina, Gleichenia dicarpa and Gleichenia rupestris,[3] which are currently regarded by most scholars as part of the genre Gleichenia.[4][5][6][7]

A more recent treatment by Christenhusz et al., 2011, placed Platyzoma within the Pteridaceae genus Pteris[7] and transferred the Platyzoma microphyllum R.Br. 1810 to Pteris platyzomopsis Christenh. & H.Schneid. 2011[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Platyzoma--A Queensland fern with incipeint heterospory, Tryon, Alice AmJBot 51(9):939-942.
  2. ^ Plants: evolution and diversity, Martin Ingrouille, Bill Eddie 2006. Cambridge University Press.
  3. ^ Desvaux, A.N., (1827) "Prodrome de la famille des Fourgeres"; Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Paris 6(2): 199.
  4. ^ Christ, K.H.H. (1897) Die Farnkrauter der Erde: 339.
  5. ^ Nakai, T., (1960) Bulletin du Museum d'Histoire Naturelle. Paris [Series 1]: 46.
  6. ^ Chinnock, R.J. en McCarthy, P.M., (Ed) (1998) Flora of Australia 48: 16.
  7. ^ a b Christenhusz et al., 2011 Maarten J. M. Christenhusz, Xian-Chun Zhang & Herald Schneider: "A linear sequence of extant families and genera of lycophytes and ferns," Phytotaxa, 19: 7-54 (18 Feb. 2011)
  8. ^ Christenhusz & Schneider, 2011 Maarten J. M. Christenhusz & Herald Schneider: "Corrections to Phytotaxa 19: Linear sequence of lycophytes and ferns," Phytotaxa (14 Sep 2011)