Pontiac straight-6 engine

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Like most American automobile manufacturers, Pontiac relied on the straight-6 design for their circa-World War II automobiles.

"Split Head" Six[edit]

186[edit]

In the 1920s Oakland Motor Car engineers designed an all new engine for their "companion" make, the Pontiac that was introduced in 1926. It was a side-valve design with a one piece cast iron block with three main bearings. An unusual feature was that it had two separate cylinder heads that each covered three cylinders. The ignition distributor was mounted on top of the block in the gap between the heads.

This engine displaced 186.7 cu in (3.1 L) (3.25x3.75) and was rated at 40 hp (30 kW; 41 PS) @ 2400 rpm when it was introduced. The compression ratio was 4.8-1.[1]

200[edit]

In 1929, the "split head" Pontiac six was increased in displacement to 200 cu in (3.3 L). The horsepower rating increased to 60 hp (45 kW; 61 PS) @ 3000 rpm. Compression was increased slightly to 4.9-1.[1] The "split-head" six was discontinued by Pontiac at the end of the 1932 model year. Pontiac offered only eight-cylinder engines during 1933 and 1934.

Flathead Six[edit]

208[edit]

In 1935, Pontiac re-introduced their six-cylinder engine, as a 208 cu in (3.4 L) straight-6. The 208 was produced in 1935 and 1936. It was a side-valve design with a timing chain, as was popular at the time. This engine featured a conventional one piece cylinder head, and the distributor was moved to the side of the block. The number of main bearings was increased to four. Like the Pontiac Straight-8 engine it also featured full-pressure oiling and insert type precision main and rod bearings. These two latter features greatly increased longevity and durability especially under high speed conditions.

223 Pontiac/GMC[edit]

The 223 was a side-valve engine, and used a timing chain. The 223 cu in (3.7 L) straight-6 was used in Pontiac automobiles (1937–40) and GMC trucks (1938 only).

239[edit]

The 239 cu in (3.9 L) straight-6 was similar in design to previous sixes. It was used from 1941 through 1954 only in Pontiac automobiles.

Specifications[edit]

Year Model name (number) Displacement
cu in
Output BHP (kW) @ RPM Torque ft·lbf. (Nm) @ RPM Compression Carburetor series (bbl)
1935 Master & DeLuxe 6 (6-35) 208.0 80 (58.88) @3600 150(203.40) @ 1600 6.2-1 Carter W-1 (1) [2]
1936 Master & DeLuxe 6 (6-36) 208.0 80 (58.88 @ 3600 150 (203.40) @ 1600 6.2-1 Carter W-1 (1) [2]
1937 Six (6-37) 222.7 85 (62.56) @ 3520 161 (218.32) @ 1600 6.2-1 Carter W-1 (1) [2]
1938 Six (6-38) 222.7 85 (62.56) @ 3520 161 (218.32) @ 1600 6.2-1 Carter W-1 (1) [2]
1939 Quality & DeLuxe 6 (39-25) & (39-26) 222.7 85 (62.56) @ 3520 161 (218.32) @ 1600 6.2-1 Carter WA-1 (1) [2]
1940 Special & DeLuxe 6 (40-25) & (40-26) 222.7 87 (64.03) @ 3520 164 (222.38) @ 1400 6.5-1 Carter WA-1 (1) [2]
1941 Custom, DeLuxe & Streamliner Torpedo 6 (41-24), (41-25), & (41-26) 239.2 90 (73.59) @ 3200 175(237.30) @ 1400 6.5-1 Carter WA-1 (1) [2]
1942 Torpedo & Streamliner Torpedo 6 (42-25) & (42-26) 239.2 90 (73.59) @ 3200 175 (237.30) @ 1400 6.5-1 Carter WA-1 (1) [2]
1946 Torpedo & Streamliner 6 (46-25) & (46-26) 239.2 93 (68.45) @ 3400 175 (237.30) @ 1400 6.5-1 Carter WA-1 (1) [2]
1947 Torpedo & Streamliner 6 (47-25) & (47-26) 239.2 93 (68.45) @ 3400 175 (237.30) @ 1400 6.5-1 Carter WA-1 (1) [2]
1948 Torpedo & Streamliner 6 (48-25) & (48-26) 239.2 93 (68.45) @ 3400 178 (241.37) @ 1400 6.5-1 Carter WA-1 (1) [2]
1949 Silver Streak 6 (49-25) 239.2 93 (68.45) @ 3400 178 (241.37) @ 1400 6.5-1 Carter WA-1 (1) [2]
1950 Silver Streak 6 (50-25) 239.2 90 (66.24) @ 3400 178 (241.37) @ 1200 6.5-1 Carter WA-1 (1) [2]
1951 Silver Streak 6 (51-25) 239.2 96 (70.65) @ 3400 191 (259.00) @ 1200 6.5-1 Carter WA-1 (1) [2]
1952 Silver Streak 6 (52-25) with manual trans. 239.2 100 (73.59) @ 3400 189 (256.28) @ 1400 6.8-1 Carter WA-1 (1) [2]
1952 Silver Streak 6 (52-25) with automatic trans. 239.2 102 (75.07) @ 3400 189 (256.28) @ 1400 7.7-1 Carter WA-1 (1) [2]
1953 Chieftain 6 (53-25) with manual trans. 239.2 115 (84.63) @ 3800 193 (261.71) @ 2000 7.0-1 Carter WCD (2) [2]
1953 Chieftain 6 (53-25) with automatic trans. 239.2 118 (86.84) @ 3800 193 (261.71) @ 2000 7.7-1 Carter WCD (2) [2]
1954 Chieftain 6 (54-25) with manual trans. 239.2 115 (84.63) @ 3800 193 (261.71) @ 2000 7.0-1 Carter WCD(2) [3]
1954 Chieftain 6 (54-25) with automatic trans. 239.2 118 (86.84) @ 3800 193 (261.71) @ 2000 7.7-1 Carter WCD(2) [3]

Overhead Valve[edit]

215[edit]

A 215 cu in (3.5 L) overhead valve straight-6 was produced in 1964 and 1965 but was not an original Pontiac design. Sometimes confused with the Buick designed and built 215 cu. in. aluminum V8 that Pontiac had used in the two years prior, the "Pontiac 215" was an adaptation of Chevrolet's 230 cu in (3.8 L) overhead valve Generation 3 straight-6. Quite different from Pontiac's previous straight-6s, it had a smaller bore (3.75") than the 15 cu. in. larger Chevrolet engine and a Chevy bellhousing, but its flywheel/flexplate bolt pattern was Pontiac's.

Overhead Cam[edit]

Pontiac Overhead Cam Six engine

A single overhead camshaft (SOHC) design was introduced by Pontiac in the 1966 model year as the standard engine in the Tempest. The 230 cu in (3.8 L) Pontiac OHC-6 shared internal dimensions with the overhead-valve Chevrolet straight-6 engine it was based on, but had unique cast iron block and head castings. Only the large cam carrier/valve cover was aluminum.

Considered advanced by Detroit engineering standards at the time, the Pontiac OHC-6 followed the Jeep Tornado I6 as the first post-World War II domestic-developed and mass-produced overhead cam automobile engine.[4]

The Pontiac's single camshaft was supported by journals within the aluminum valve cover; no separate bearing shells were used. The cam was driven by a noise-reducing fiberglass-reinforced cogged rubber belt instead of the usual metal chain or gears. Valves were opened with finger followers (centered under the cam) that pivoted at one end on stationary hydraulic adjusters. The oil pump, distributor, and fuel pump were driven by an external jackshaft powered by a rubber timing belt nestled within an aluminum housing bolted to the right side of the block. The head had a single port face with both exhaust and intake valves on the left side and valve stems strongly tilted towards the left. This engine was used in the 1966-67 Tempest and Le Mans and 1967 Firebird.

1968 Pontiac OHC 250 1-bbl

An optional high-performance 4-barrel Sprint version featured high-compression pistons, hotter cam, dual valve springs, split/dual exhaust manifold, stronger coil, and the then new Quadrajet carburetor.

Like other Pontiac engines of the era, the OHC-6 was not available in Canada with the exception of the Sprint version of the Firebird. Canadian-market Pontiac automobiles were equipped with the Chevrolet OHV six.

The 230 OHC 6 was enlarged to 250 cu. in. in 1968, and used in the same models through 1969.

230[edit]

The 230 OHC-6 engine was produced in 1966 and 1967. Power output was rated at 165 hp (123 kW; 167 PS) from 230 cu in (3.8 L). The high-performance Sprint version produced 207 hp (154 kW; 210 PS). The 1967 version of the Sprint produced 215 hp (160 kW; 218 PS).

250[edit]

The 250 cu in (4.1 L) replaced the 230 cu in (3.8 L) from 1968 to 1969. The base engine produced 175 hp (130 kW; 177 PS) while the Sprint versions were rated up to 215 hp (160 kW; 218 PS) with automatic transmissions. The versions with a manual transmission received a hotter camshaft that boosted ratings to 230 hp (172 kW; 233 PS).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://www.Concept Carz.com/vehicle[citation needed]
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Motor's Auto Repair Manual, Sixteenth Edition, Motor ,1953
  3. ^ a b Motor's Auto Repair Manual, Motor,1963
  4. ^ "Kaiser Jeep". Ward's Automotive Yearbook. 26: 137. Retrieved 23 March 2016. 

External links[edit]

  • [1] Pontiac Overhead Cam SIX Forum