Port Sudan

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Port Sudan
Port Sudan Harbor
Port Sudan Harbor
Port Sudan is located in Sudan
Port Sudan
Port Sudan
Location in Sudan
Coordinates: 19°37′N 37°13′E / 19.617°N 37.217°E / 19.617; 37.217
Country Flag of Sudan.svg Sudan
State Red Sea State

Port Sudan (Arabic: بور سودانBōr Sūdān / Pōr Sūdān ) is a port city in eastern Sudan, and the capital of the state of Red Sea. As of 2007, it has 489,725 residents. Located on the Red Sea, it is the Republic of Sudan's main port city.

Economy[edit]

Warehouses in Port Sudan

The city is home to the Red Sea University, established in 1994.[1]

Climate[edit]

Port Sudan has an hot desert climate (Köppen: BWh) with extremely hot summers and moderately hot winters, requiring the acquisition of fresh water from Wadi Arba'at in the Red Sea Hills and from salt-evaporating pans. Temperatures can easily exceed 30 °C (86 °F) in winter and 45C in summer. Over 90% of the annual rainfall falls between October and January, mostly in November, with the wettest month on record being November 1947 with 182 millimetres (7.2 in), whilst the wettest year was from July 1923 to June 1924 with 231 millimetres (9.1 in). Average annual rainfall is 76 millimetres (3.0 in), and no rainfall occurred between January 1983 and June 1984.[2] The average temperature is 28.4 °C (83.1 °F).

Climate data for Port Sudan, Sudan (1961–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33.8
(92.8)
32.0
(89.6)
35.0
(95)
38.2
(100.8)
45.7
(114.3)
46.0
(114.8)
46.3
(115.3)
46.4
(115.5)
46.1
(115)
39.4
(102.9)
34.7
(94.5)
33.6
(92.5)
46.4
(115.5)
Average high °C (°F) 26.8
(80.2)
27
(81)
28.8
(83.8)
31.4
(88.5)
35
(95)
38.5
(101.3)
40.1
(104.2)
40.2
(104.4)
37.4
(99.3)
33.4
(92.1)
30.8
(87.4)
28.8
(83.8)
33.2
(91.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 23.3
(73.9)
23
(73)
24.3
(75.7)
26.5
(79.7)
29.3
(84.7)
32.2
(90)
34.1
(93.4)
34.5
(94.1)
32.1
(89.8)
29.3
(84.7)
27.3
(81.1)
24.7
(76.5)
28.4
(83.1)
Average low °C (°F) 19.7
(67.5)
19
(66)
19.9
(67.8)
21.6
(70.9)
23.7
(74.7)
25.9
(78.6)
28.2
(82.8)
28.9
(84)
26.8
(80.2)
25.3
(77.5)
23.8
(74.8)
21.3
(70.3)
23.7
(74.7)
Record low °C (°F) 11.4
(52.5)
13.3
(55.9)
14.2
(57.6)
14.6
(58.3)
17.4
(63.3)
20.8
(69.4)
22.2
(72)
23.0
(73.4)
22.2
(72)
17.5
(63.5)
17.5
(63.5)
13.8
(56.8)
11.4
(52.5)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 7.2
(0.283)
0.9
(0.035)
0.9
(0.035)
0.2
(0.008)
1.1
(0.043)
0.2
(0.008)
3.8
(0.15)
1.4
(0.055)
0
(0)
13.9
(0.547)
35
(1.38)
10
(0.39)
76.1
(2.996)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 1.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.8 0.3 0 1.2 4.1 1.7 10.4
Average relative humidity (%) 69 70 69 65 58 50 49 50 60 72 72 71 63
Mean monthly sunshine hours 195.3 226.8 282.1 306 322.4 285 272.8 288.3 282 297.6 225 213.9 3,197.2
Mean daily sunshine hours 6.3 8.1 9.1 10.2 10.4 9.5 8.8 9.3 9.4 9.6 7.5 6.9 8.8
Percent possible sunshine 57 68 75 80 80 72 67 68 78 82 69 63 72
Source #1: NOAA[3]
Source #2: Hong Kong Observatory,[4]

Demographics[edit]

Year Population
1906[5] 4,289
1941 26,255
1973 132,632
1983 209,938
1993 305,385
2007 Estimate 489,275
2008 Estimate 517,338


Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Arckell, A.J., UNESCO General History of Africa, History of Darfur 1200-1700 A.D. SNR.
  • Encyclopædia Britannica, "Port Sudan" (description), 2007, webpage: EB-PortSudan.

Coordinates: 19°37′N 37°13′E / 19.617°N 37.217°E / 19.617; 37.217