Portuguese presidential election, 1991
The Portuguese presidential election of 1991 was held on 13 January.
The re-election of the hugely popular Mário Soares was never in doubt, specially after the then-ruling PSD, led by Prime Minister Aníbal Cavaco Silva announced its support. Therefore, the election held on 13 January 1991 was a landslide, and no second round was needed.
As the election of a left-wing candidate was assured, other left-wing parties, the Portuguese Communist Party and the People's Democratic Union, presented their own candidates. The communists presented Carlos Carvalhas, who had been Assistant General Secretary of the Party a year before (Álvaro Cunhal was the secretary-general). Carvalhas would later be elected secretary-general, in 1992.
Mário Soares achieved the majority of the votes in every district of the country, and 302 of the then 305 municipalities. His score was the biggest ever in a presidential election in Portugal.
Any Portuguese citizen over 35 years old has the opportunity to run for president. In order to do so it is necessary to gather between 7500 and 15000 signatures and submit them to the Portuguese Constitutional Court.
According to the Portuguese Constitution, to be elected, a candidate needs a majority of votes. If no candidate gets this majority there will take place a second round between the two most voted candidates.
- Mário Soares, Incumbent President since 1986 and eligible for a second term, supported by the Socialist Party and tactically bt the Social Democratic Party;
- Basílio Horta, Minister in previous governments, supported by the Democratic and Social Centre;
- Carlos Carvalhas, supported by the Portuguese Communist Party and Ecologist Party "The Greens";
- Carlos Manuel Marques, supported by the People's Democratic Union;
|Candidates||Supporting parties||First round|
|Mário Soares||Socialist Party, Social Democratic Party||3,459,521||70.35|
|Basílio Horta||Democratic and Social Centre||696,379||14.16|
|Carlos Carvalhas||Portuguese Communist Party, Ecologist Party "The Greens"||635,373||12.92|
|Carlos Manuel Marques||People's Democratic Union||126,581||2.57|
|Total (turnout 62.16%)||5,098,768|
|Source: Comissão Nacional de Eleições|
- "CNE Resultados". Comissão Nacional de Eleições. Retrieved 17 May 2005.
- "Centro de Estudos do Pensamento Político". Retrieved 17 May 2005.
- Portuguese Electoral Commission
- NSD: European Election Database - Portugal publishes regional level election data; allows for comparisons of election results, 1990-2010