Portuguese legislative election, 2015

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Portuguese legislative election, 2015
Portugal
2011 ←
4 October 2015

230 seats to the Assembly of the Republic
116 seats needed for a majority
  Passos Coelho EPP2011.jpg António Costa img 6536.jpg
Leader Pedro Passos Coelho António Costa
Party PSD / CDS-PP PS
Leader since 26 March 2010[a][1] 28 September 2014
Leader's seat Lisboa[b][2] Lisboa[3]
Last election 132 seats, 50.4%[c] 74 seats, 28.1%
Current seats 132 74
Seats needed Steady0 Increase42

  Jerónimo de Sousa.jpg Catarina Martins.jpg
Leader Jerónimo de Sousa Catarina Martins
Party CDU BE
Leader since 27 November 2004 30 November 2014
Leader's seat Lisboa[4] Porto[5]
Last election 16 seats, 7.9% 8 seats, 5.2%
Current seats 16 8
Seats needed Increase100 Increase108

Incumbent Prime Minister

Passos Coelho
PSD

The 2015 Portuguese legislative election will be held on 4 October 2015.[6] At stake will be all 230 seats to the Assembly of the Republic.

The ruling centre-right coalition of the Social Democratic Party and the Democratic and Social Centre–People's Party, will seek re-election to a second term in office.

According the left-right political spectrum, five left parties and only two right political parties seeking for election.

Electoral system[edit]

The Parliament of the Portuguese Republic consists of a single chamber, the Assembly of the Republic, composed of 230 members directly elected by universal adult suffrage for a maximum term of four years. Assembly members represent the entire country, rather than the constituencies in which they were elected. Governments require majority support in the Assembly in order to remain in office.

Each one of Portugal's eighteen administrative districts, as well as each one of the country's two autonomous regions - the Azores and Madeira - is an electoral constituency. Portuguese voters residing outside the national territory are grouped into two electoral constituencies - Europe and the rest of the world - each one of which elects two Assembly members. The remaining 226 seats are allocated among the national territory constituencies in proportion to their number of registered electors.

Political parties and party coalitions may present lists of candidates. The lists are closed, so electors may not choose individual candidates in or alter the order of such lists. Electors cast a ballot for a single list. The seats in each constituency are apportioned according to the largest average method of proportional representation (PR), conceived by the Belgian mathematician Victor d'Hondt in 1899. Although there is no statutory threshold for participation in the allocation of Assembly seats, the application of the d'Hondt method introduces a de facto threshold at the constituency level.[7]

Contestants[edit]

The parties that will try to enter the portuguese parliament, and their leaders, are:

Political partie Leader Political position
Portugal Alliance (Portugal Ahead) / (PSD/CDS-PP) Pedro Passos Coelho Centre-right to Right-wing
Socialist Party (PS) António Costa Centre-left
Democratic Unity Coalition (CDU) Jerónimo de Sousa Left-wing
Left Bloc (BE) Catarina Martins Left-wing
LIVRE/Tempo de Avançar (L/TDA) Rui Tavares Left-wing to Centre-left
Democratic Republican Party (PDR) António Marinho e Pinto Centre-left to Centre
Earth Party (MPT) José Inácio Faria Centre-right

Current standings[edit]

e • d Summary of the 4 October 2015 Assembly of the Republic elections results
Parties Candidates
as of 26 Aug
Votes % ±pp swing MPs MPs %/
votes %
2011 2015 ± % ±
Portugal Ahead (PSD / CDS–PP)[d] 219 Pending 132 Pending
Socialist 230 Pending 74 Pending
Democratic Unity Coalition 230 Pending 16 Pending
Left Bloc 230 Pending 8 Pending
Social Democratic[e] 11 Pending N/A Pending
People's[f] 6 Pending N/A Pending
People's / People's Monarchist[g] 5 Pending N/A Pending
Workers' Communist Party 230 Pending 0 Pending
People-Animals-Nature 230 Pending 0 Pending
Earth Party 230 Pending 0 Pending
National Renovator Party 230 Pending 0 Pending
Labour[h] 6 Pending 0 Pending
People's Monarchist 225 Pending 0 Pending
Christian Democratic and Citizenship 50 Pending 0 Pending
Democratic Party of the Atlantic[i] 5 Pending 0 Pending
Labour / Socialist Alternative 224 Pending N/A Pending
Together for the People 184 Pending N/A Pending
FREE/Time to move Foward 230 Pending N/A Pending
We, the Citizens! 230 Pending N/A Pending
Democratic Republican 230 Pending N/A Pending
United Party of Retirees and Pensioners 221 Pending N/A Pending
Total valid 3,456 Pending 230 230 Steady0 100.00 Steady0.0
Blank ballots Pending
Invalid ballots Pending
Total (turnout %) Pending
Source: Comissão Nacional de Eleições

Opinion Polling[edit]

Poll results are listed in the table below in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed in bold, and the background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded but both are displayed in bold. The lead column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the two parties with the highest figures. Poll results use the date the survey's fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication.

Graphical summary[edit]

15-day average trend line of poll results from June 2011 to the present day, with each line's colour corresponding to a political party.

Opinion polls[edit]

Date Polling Firm Sample size PSD /
CDS–PP[j]
PS CDU BE MPT L/TDA PDR Others Lead
29 Jul–4 Aug Eurosondagem 1,030 34.8 36.3 10.0 5.0 1.7 2.3 9.9 1.5
12–16 Jul Aximage 607 37.8 38.0 7.5 4.0 1.3 1.4 10.0 0.2
2–7 Jul Eurosondagem 1,025 34.6 36.7 10.2 4.8 1.9 2.5 9.3 2.1
26 Jun–4 Jul INTERCAMPUS 1,014 32.7 37.6 11.0 6.0 0.9 0.6 0.8 10.4 4.9
15–21 Jun Pitagórica 523 36.4 33.5 10.1 3.6 1.3 1.6 13.5 2.9
13–16 Jun Universidade Católica 1,048 38.0 37.0 10.0 8.0 7.0 1.0
4–9 Jun Eurosondagem 1,030 33.3 36.9 10.5 4.5 2.0 2.7 10.1 3.6
31 May–4 Jun Aximage 598 37.2 38.0 7.5 4.0 1.2 2.1 10.0 0.8
7–12 May Eurosondagem 1,021 33.6 38.1 10.3 4.8 1.8 2.5 8.9 4.5
7–10 May Aximage 605 37.2 37.3 7.7 4.2 2.0 2.6 9.0 0.1
Date Polling Firm Sample size PSD PS CDS–PP CDU BE MPT L/TDA PDR Others Lead
9–15 Apr Eurosondagem 1,025 26.7 37.5 8.0 10.2 4.3 2.0 2.8 8.5 10.8
4–8 Apr Aximage 602 30.5 36.9 6.0 9.2 3.5 1.7 3.8 8.4 6.4
5–10 Mar Eurosondagem 1,005 25.2 38.1 8.1 9.6 4.4 2.1 3.0 9.5 12.9
3–6 Mar Aximage 600 28.9 36.1 6.1 10.7 4.0 1.6 4.4 8.2 7.2
18–25 Feb Eurosondagem[8] 1,515 35.0 37.5 w. PSD 9.6 4.2 2.1 2.5 9.1 2.5
18–25 Feb Eurosondagem[9] 1,515 27.8 36.5 7.7 10.0 4.4 2.3 2.7 8.6 8.7
5–11 Feb Eurosondagem 1,015 26.7 38.1 6.9 9.0 4.0 2.2 3.0 10.1 11.4
4–8 Feb Aximage 608 30.2 36.7 5.3 9.2 3.8 2.5 5.2 7.1 6.5
8–14 Jan Eurosondagem 1,010 26.9 37.9 7.9 9.3 3.5 2.0 2.5 10.0 11.0
9–12 Jan Aximage 601 30.9 36.9 4.7 7.7 3.5 3.0 5.2 8.1 6.0
2015
4–10 Dec Eurosondagem 1,036 25.2 37.5 7.3 10.1 3.3 1.7 2.2 12.7 12.3
1–4 Dec Aximage 607 31.0 37.4 5.1 7.6 5.2 2.9 4.1 6.7 6.4
6–11 Nov Eurosondagem 1,022 25.3 36.9 7.7 10.4 3.6 1.0 1.5 13.6 10.6
7–10 Nov Aximage 603 31.1 38.5 5.2 7.9 6.0 2.1 2.1 7.1 7.4
11–13 Oct Universidade Católica 1,064 28.0 45.0 4.0 10.0 4.0 9.0 17.0
2–7 Oct Eurosondagem 1,021 26.2 34.8 8.0 10.5 4.0 2.1 1.6 12.8 8.6
1–4 Oct Aximage 609 27.4 40.2 6.1 9.2 7.7 1.1 8.3 12.8
4–9 Sep Eurosondagem 1,011 28.0 33.0 7.5 10.7 4.3 3.3 1.7 Did not exist 11.5 5.0
31 Aug–3 Sep Aximage 602 28.6 30.9 8.4 11.9 5.7 14.5 2.3
31 Jul–6 Aug Eurosondagem 1,033 27.8 32.1 7.0 11.0 4.5 3.6 1.9 12.1 4.3
25–31 Jul Pitagórica[k] 504 26.8 33.9 5.1 13.0 3.1 3.1 15.0 7.1
25–31 Jul Pitagórica[l] 504 28.1 30.0 6.9 12.7 4.2 3.5 14.6 1.9
3–9 Jul Eurosondagem 1,014 27.5 32.5 6.6 11.1 4.9 4.0 2.0 11.4 5.0
4–7 Jul Aximage 593 27.2 31.0 8.3 10.7 6.9 15.9 3.8
2–5 Jun Eurosondagem 1,025 26.1 33.0 6.9 11.8 4.8 4.6 2.0 10.8 6.9
1–4 Jun Aximage 608 24.9 32.0 7.8 13.0 6.0 12.7 7.1
30 May–1 Jun Pitagórica[k] 506 27.5 35.2 6.2 13.6 4.4 3.3 9.8 7.7
30 May–1 Jun Pitagórica[l] 506 28.0 30.6 6.3 14.4 4.8 3.7 12.2 2.6
25 May 2014 EP Election 33.8% 27.7 31.5 w. PSD 12.7 4.6 7.1 2.2 14.3 3.8
19–24 May INTERCAMPUS 4,004 28.7 29.1 2.4 11.4 5.4 23.0 0.4
14–22 May Aximage 1,507 29.0 36.2 7.3 10.3 6.5 10.7 7.2
1–7 May Eurosondagem 1,005 26.9 38.0 8.1 10.4 6.6 10.0 11.1
2–5 May Aximage 605 30.5 36.2 6.8 10.5 6.6 9.4 5.7
12–14 Apr Universidade Católica 1,117 30.0 36.0 4.0 12.0 7.0 11.0 6.0
9–12 Apr Aximage 613 31.5 36.1 6.1 11.8 6.4 8.1 4.6
3–9 Apr Eurosondagem 1,011 25.2 37.3 8.1 10.9 7.5 11.0 12.1
25–29 Mar Pitagórica 506 27.6 39.0 7.6 10.3 6.9 8.6 11.4
6–12 Mar Eurosondagem 1,021 26.6 36.6 8.4 11.1 6.9 10.4 10.0
8–11 Mar Aximage 587 33.3 36.8 5.7 11.7 5.4 7.1 3.5
24 Feb–1 Mar Pitagórica 506 28.4 37.2 8.7 10.5 4.9 10.2 8.8
9–12 Feb Aximage 604 31.4 38.1 5.4 9.7 5.7 9.7 6.7
6–12 Feb Eurosondagem 1,025 25.6 36.9 7.7 10.5 7.0 12.3 11.3
20–24 Jan Pitagórica 506 25.8 37.8 7.8 11.4 6.6 Did not exist 10.6 12.0
9–15 Jan Eurosondagem 1,010 25.0 37.5 8.0 10.4 6.6 12.5 12.5
7–10 Jan Aximage 601 30.6 38.5 5.8 9.2 6.3 9.6 7.9
2014
10–15 Dec Pitagórica 503 25.7 36.7 9.0 11.2 6.7 Did not exist Did not exist 10.7 11.0
5–10 Dec Eurosondagem 1,035 26.5 36.5 8.5 10.0 6.5 12.0 10.0
6–9 Dec Aximage 609 29.6 36.4 8.3 9.7 6.3 9.7 6.8
19–21 Nov Marktest 800 25.6 35.6 1.5 17.2 6.5 13.6 10.0
6–9 Nov Aximage 602 28.4 36.9 9.4 10.3 6.8 8.2 8.5
30 Oct–5 Nov Eurosondagem 1,005 25.6 37.3 8.4 11.1 5.9 11.7 11.7
22–25 Oct Marktest 803 26.2 35.8 2.3 16.6 5.5 13.6 9.6
19–22 Oct Aximage 607 26.9 30.2 12.1 12.4 7.2 11.2 3.3
14–19 Oct Pitagórica 506 23.7 36.7 8.6 13.2 6.6 11.2 13.0
2–8 Oct Eurosondagem 1,010 26.9 36.5 8.6 12.1 5.9 10.0 9.6
29 Sep 2013 Local Elections 52.6% 31.4 36.7 3.4 11.1 2.4 0.1 14.9 5.3
28–29 Sep INTERCAMPUS 1,000 27.0 39.0 4.0 11.0 7.0 12.0 12.0
26–29 Sep Aximage 609 30.2 34.5 10.3 10.4 5.6 9.0 4.3
17–19 Sep Marktest 801 28.5 36.6 2.5 11.5 7.3 13.6 8.1
5–11 Sep Eurosondagem 1,038 26.5 38.0 6.5 12.5 6.5 10.0 11.5
1–3 Sep Aximage 609 28.0 35.3 7.6 11.8 6.6 10.7 7.3
25–31 Jul Eurosondagem 1,020 24.4 37.4 7.7 12.5 7.5 10.5 13.0
27–29 Jul Universidade Católica 1,096 32.0 35.0 3.0 11.0 7.0 12.0 3.0
24–28 Jul Pitagórica 507 24.1 34.6 8.1 13.1 8.7 11.4 10.5
16–18 Jul Marktest 804 27.6 34.2 5.2 10.8 8.6 13.6 6.6
8–11 Jul Aximage 603 28.0 37.4 5.8 10.5 6.7 11.6 9.4
5–10 Jul Eurosondagem 1,007 25.0 37.0 8.0 12.0 8.0 10.0 12.0
28 Jun–2 Jul Pitagórica 503 23.7 33.9 9.1 13.2 8.9 11.2 10.2
4–7 Jun Aximage 599 23.2 35.5 9.4 11.5 8.4 12.0 12.3
30 May–4 Jun Eurosondagem 1,028 24.8 36.9 7.7 13.0 8.0 9.6 12.1
27–30 May Marktest 802 25.0 34.6 5.6 13.1 8.2 13.5 9.6
23–28 May Pitagórica 506 25.4 32.7 9.5 12.6 9.4 10.4 7.3
7–10 May Aximage 604 26.2 35.5 9.5 9.4 6.9 12.5 9.3
2–8 May Eurosondagem 1,009 25.9 36.0 8.4 12.1 8.8 8.8 10.1
17–20 Apr Pitagórica 503 26.9 28.6 12.0 12.8 8.7 11.0 1.7
5–10 Apr Eurosondagem 1,025 26.5 35.0 8.5 12.5 8.5 9.0 8.5
1–4 Apr Aximage 601 25.3 32.6 9.4 12.0 7.8 12.9 7.3
19–24 Mar Pitagórica 503 25.7 36.7 10.6 11.2 7.9 7.9 11.0
9–11 Mar Universidade Católica 949 28.0 31.0 5.0 12.0 8.0 16.0 3.0
4–6 Mar Aximage 607 25.1 31.6 12.1 12.2 7.1 11.9 6.5
28 Feb–5 Mar Eurosondagem 1,022 27.0 35.2 9.0 12.1 8.0 8.7 8.2
20–24 Feb Pitagórica 503 26.4 35.1 10.7 10.7 8.6 8.5 8.7
5–8 Feb Aximage 602 29.1 32.0 8.7 11.5 6.3 12.4 2.9
30 Jan–5 Feb Eurosondagem 1,011 27.6 34.1 9.5 11.6 8.4 8.8 6.5
22–25 Jan Pitagórica 504 28.6 33.8 10.2 12.0 8.0 7.4 5.2
15–21 Jan Marktest 803 27.9 32.6 5.2 12.4 13.3 8.6 4.7
6–9 Jan Aximage 603 26.3 32.9 10.3 11.8 7.4 11.3 6.6
3–8 Jan Eurosondagem 1,010 26.9 34.3 9.6 10.3 8.8 10.1 7.4
2013
13–18 Dec Pitagórica 511 29.0 34.6 11.4 11.2 8.4 Did not exist Did not exist 5.4 5.6
5–11 Dec Eurosondagem 1,034 26.4 34.0 10.0 11.0 9.0 9.6 7.6
4–7 Dec Aximage 609 26.8 32.9 8.0 11.0 7.6 13.7 6.1
9–16 Nov Pitagórica 505 26.4 36.2 9.8 9.8 7.5 10.2 9.8
7–13 Nov Eurosondagem 1,033 26.9 35.0 10.1 10.0 9.5 8.5 8.1
30 Oct–6 Nov Aximage 602 26.3 32.1 7.9 9.6 7.5 16.6 5.8
8–13 Oct Pitagórica 503 29.5 34.1 8.3 9.1 7.2 11.8 4.6
4–9 Oct Eurosondagem 1,021 30.0 34.8 10.0 9.5 7.7 8.0 4.8
1–4 Oct Aximage 604 24.9 33.7 7.9 9.5 7.0 17.0 8.8
17–20 Sep Marktest 805 20.2 29.6 5.2 10.1 8.6 26.3 9.4
15–17 Sep Universidade Católica 1,132 24.0 31.0 7.0 13.0 11.0 14.0 7.0
10–13 Sep Eurosondagem 1,037 33.0 33.7 10.3 9.3 7.0 6.7 0.7
3–6 Sep Aximage 600 33.3 35.4 7.1 7.7 5.3 11.2 2.1
9–14 Aug Eurosondagem 1,011 34.1 33.0 10.1 8.8 6.6 7.4 1.1
17–20 Jul Marktest 803 26.7 25.8 4.4 9.9 6.9 26.3 0.9
5–10 Jul Eurosondagem 1,036 34.6 32.5 10.1 8.7 6.9 7.2 2.1
2–4 Jul Aximage 600 35.0 30.8 7.9 7.8 5.3 13.2 4.2
19–22 Jun Marktest 800 31.3 29.2 2.8 9.5 5.4 21.8 2.1
7–12 Jun Eurosondagem 1,022 34.3 32.1 11.6 9.0 6.9 6.1 2.2
4–6 Jun Aximage 600 36.6 28.2 7.5 10.1 5.0 12.6 8.4
26–28 May Universidade Católica 1,366 36.0 33.0 6.0 9.0 9.0 7.0 3.0
22–24 May Marktest 807 30.4 29.1 3.5 9.6 8.5 18.9 1.3
10–15 May Eurosondagem 1,011 34.8 31.2 11.6 8.8 6.0 7.6 3.6
2–5 May Aximage 600 36.3 28.9 6.2 9.7 4.3 14.6 7.4
17–21 Apr Marktest 810 31.4 25.4 3.6 10.2 7.8 21.6 6.0
11–17 Apr Eurosondagem 1,036 35.3 30.5 10.7 9.1 6.4 8.0 4.8
3–5 Apr Aximage 600 35.0 27.8 8.7 10.1 4.0 14.4 7.2
19–23 Mar Marktest 802 36.5 20.5 5.2 7.6 6.3 23.9 16.0
8–13 Mar Eurosondagem 1,021 36.0 29.6 12.0 8.5 6.9 7.0 6.4
5–7 Mar Aximage 600 36.2 31.4 6.5 9.2 2.9 13.8 4.8
14–22 Feb Marktest 800 30.2 25.9 3.9 9.3 6.0 24.7 4.3
2–7 Feb Eurosondagem 1,010 35.0 30.0 11.7 8.5 6.5 8.3 5.0
1–4 Feb Aximage 600 37.5 30.3 8.9 8.8 2.8 11.7 7.2
17–22 Jan Marktest 800 37.6 25.2 4.0 6.1 7.7 19.4 12.4
5–10 Jan Eurosondagem 1,064 36.4 30.3 12.1 7.7 6.4 7.1 6.1
3–6 Jan Aximage 600 37.9 30.0 9.3 10.7 2.5 9.6 7.9
2012
7–13 Dec Eurosondagem 1,033 36.0 30.0 12.5 8.8 6.4 Did not exist Did not exist 6.3 6.0
5–8 Dec Aximage 600 39.5 27.7 9.1 11.3 3.3 9.1 11.8
15–19 Nov Marktest 804 45.4 19.7 5.0 7.9 4.1 17.9 25.7
10–15 Nov Eurosondagem 1,025 36.3 29.6 12.1 9.0 6.1 6.9 6.7
7–10 Nov Aximage 600 41.2 26.8 9.5 10.6 3.5 8.4 14.4
20–25 Oct Eurosondagem 1,032 36.9 29.2 12.5 8.8 6.3 6.3 7.7
18–22 Oct Marktest 809 41.6 19.7 5.3 10.5 4.2 18.7 21.9
3–5 Oct Aximage 600 41.1 26.0 10.2 7.6 5.0 10.1 15.1
22–27 Sep Eurosondagem 1,036 39.3 28.2 12.1 8.2 5.3 6.9 11.1
20–23 Sep Marktest 804 47.1 23.3 6.8 4.0 2.7 16.1 23.8
10–11 Sep Universidade Católica 1,457 43.0 33.0 6.0 7.0 6.0 5.0 10.0
7–10 Sep Aximage 600 40.9 25.1 7.1 9.0 3.2 14.7 15.8
26–30 Aug Eurosondagem 1,025 39.6 26.9 12.5 8.4 5.5 7.1 12.7
14–19 Jul Eurosondagem 1,022 40.0 26.3 13.1 8.0 5.1 7.5 13.7
5–8 Jul Aximage 600 42.0 24.0 10.3 7.5 5.9 10.3 18.0
26–28 Jun Eurosondagem 1,010 40.8 25.0 13.6 7.7 4.8 8.1 15.8
5 Jun 2011 General Election 58.0% 38.7 28.1 11.7 7.9 5.2 0.4 8.0 10.6

Seats[edit]

Opinion polls showing seat projections are displayed in the table below. The highest seat figures in each polling survey have their background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. 116 seats are required for an absolute majority in the Assembly of the Republic.

116 seats needed for majority
Date Polling Firm PSD /
CDS–PP[j]
PS CDU BE MPT L/TDA PDR Others
7–12 May Eurosondagem 97 103 21 6 0 1 2 0
Date Polling Firm PSD PS CDS–PP CDU BE MPT L/TDA PDR Others
18–25 Feb Eurosondagem[8] 98 / 103 100 / 105 w. PSD 18 / 21 4 0 1 / 2 2 0
18–25 Feb Eurosondagem[9] 78 / 87 99 / 105 13 / 17 20 / 21 4 / 6 0 2 / 3 2 / 3 0
2015
5 Jun 2011 General Election 108 74 24 16 8 0 Did not exist Did not exist 0

Leaders' debates[edit]

After changes in the electoral law that obligated that all of the parties contesting an election should be represented in debates, the 3 main TV networks RTP, SIC and TVI proposed 3 debates between the two main candidates António Costa and Pedro Passos Coelho and also a series of head-to-head debates between various party leaders and one debate with all party leaders.[10] After meetings with the various parties, it was decided to hold two face-to-face debates between António Costa and Pedro Passos Coelho in which one will be broadcast on television and the other on radio. There was also going to be a debate between all the parties represented in Parliament but it was cancelled by the refusal of the PSD/CDS-PP coalition to have only the leader of the PSD on the debate and not also the leader of the CDS-PP, Paulo Portas[11][12]

Confirmed debates:[13]

Organizer Participants Date Notes
RTP Informação Jerónimo de Sousa (PCP); Catarina Martins (BE) 1 September
SIC Notícias Paulo Portas (CDS-PP); Catarina Martins (BE) 8 September
RTP1/SIC/TVI António Costa (PS); Pedro Passos Coelho (PSD/CDS-PP) 9 September Broadcast simultaneously on the 3 major TV networks.
Antena 1/Renascença/TSF António Costa (PS); Pedro Passos Coelho (PSD/CDS-PP) 17 September Radio Debate.

Debates to be confirmed:[13]

Organizer Participants Date Notes
SIC Notícias António Costa (PS); Jerónimo de Sousa (PCP) 3 September
TVI Paulo Portas (CDS-PP); Heloísa Apólonia (PEV) 10 September
RTP Informação Pedro Passos Coelho (PSD); Catarina Martins (BE) 11 September

Date[edit]

According to the Portuguese Constitution, an election must be called between 14 September and 14 October of the year that the legislature ends. The election is called by the President of Portugal but is not called at the request of the Prime Minister, however the President must listen all the parties represented in Parliament and the election day must be announce at least 60 days before the election.[14] If an election is called in the middle of the legislature (Dissolution of Parliament) it must be held at least in 55 days. Election day is the same in all multi-seats constituencies, and should fall on a Sunday or national holiday. The next legislative election must, therefore, take place no later than 11 October 2015.[15] After meeting with all of the parties represented in parliament on 21 July 2015, the President Aníbal Cavaco Silva called the election for October 4.[6]

Primaries 2014[edit]

The 2014 Portuguese Socialist Party prime ministerial primary was held on 28 September 2014. It was the first open primary in the history of the party, and of Portugal, and elected the party's candidate for Prime Minister for the 2015 general election. There were two candidates running, António José Seguro, General Secretary of the party at the time of the primary, and António Costa, mayor of Lisbon. António Costa won the primary by a landslide with 67.9% of the vote against the 31.7% of Antonio José Seguro, resulting in Seguro conceding defeat and resigning as General Secretary of the party. Costa was next elected new socialist's General Secretary on 22 November 2014.[16]

Politics of Portugal[edit]

Main article: Politics of Portugal

The President has the power to dissolve the Assembly of the Republic by his own will. Unlike other countries the President can refuse to dissolve the parliament at the request of the Prime Minister or the Assembly of the Republic and all the parties represented in Parliament. If the Prime Minister resigns, the President must nominate a new Prime Minister after listening to all the parties represented in Parliament and then the nominee must be confirmed by the Assembly of the Republic. The last time a new Prime Minister was nominated, after the last one resigned, without new elections, was Pedro Santana Lopes in 2004. The electorate will elect the members of the 13th Legislature, who will assemble shortly before the oath of the Prime Minister elect.[14]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ As leader of the Social Democratic Party (PSD). The leader of the People's Party (CDS–PP) is the deputy prime minister Paulo Portas.
  2. ^ In the 2011 election, Pedro Passos Coelho was elected in the district of Vila Real.
  3. ^ Sum of votes and seats of the PSD and the CDS–PP in the 2011 election. PSD: 38.7%, 108 seats; CDS–PP: 11.7%, 24 seats.
  4. ^ Electoral lists only in continental Portugal.
  5. ^ Electoral list only in Madeira and Azores.
  6. ^ Electoral list only in Madeira.
  7. ^ Electoral list only in Azores.
  8. ^ Electoral list only in Madeira.
  9. ^ Electoral list only in Azores.
  10. ^ a b The Social Democratic Party (PSD) and the People's Party (CDS–PP) will contest the election in a joint coalition called Portugal Ahead (Portugal à Frente).
  11. ^ a b Hypothesized scenario with António Costa as PS candidate.
  12. ^ a b Hypothesized scenario with António José Seguro as PS candidate.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Passos Coelho sucede a Ferreira Leite, Expresso, 26 March 2010. Retrieved 4 April 2011.
  2. ^ "Passos e Portas medem forças com Costa em Lisboa". Diário de Notícias. Retrieved 2015-07-25. 
  3. ^ "Saiba quem são os cabeças-de-lista que António Costa escolheu para o PS". Jornal de Negócios. Retrieved 2015-07-25. 
  4. ^ "Assembleia da República - Deputados e Grupos Parlamentares". Parlamento.pt. Retrieved 2014-09-03. 
  5. ^ "Assembleia da República - Deputados e Grupos Parlamentares". Parlamento.pt. Retrieved 2014-09-03. 
  6. ^ a b "Cavaco Silva marca eleições legislativas para dia 4 de outubro" (in Portuguese). 22 July 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2015. 
  7. ^ "Election Resources on the Internet: Portugal - The Electoral System". Electionresources.org. Retrieved 2014-08-04. 
  8. ^ a b Hypothesized scenario if PSD and CDS-PP contest the election in a coaltion.
  9. ^ a b Hypothesized scenario if PSD and CDS-PP contest the election separately.
  10. ^ "Televisões propõem frente a frentes cruzados com todos os líderes partidários" (in Portuguese). 24 July 2015. Retrieved 24 July 2015. 
  11. ^ "Debates entre 9 e 22 de setembro. Portas fica de fora" (in Portuguese). 4 August 2015. Retrieved 4 August 2015. 
  12. ^ "Generalistas cancelam debate final referente às legislativas" (in Portuguese). 23 August 2015. Retrieved 24 August 2015. 
  13. ^ a b "Frente a frente nas televisões começam a 1 de setembro na RTP Informação" (in Portuguese). 28 August 2015. Retrieved 28 August 2015. 
  14. ^ a b http://app.parlamento.pt/site_antigo/ingles/cons_leg/Constitution_VII_revisao_definitive.pdf
  15. ^ Electoral law to the Assembly of the Republic
  16. ^ "António Costa eleito secretário-geral do PS com 96% dos votos", Jornal de Negócios, 23 November 2014. Retrieved 18 December 2014.

External links[edit]