Posof

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Posof
Posof pic.jpg
Posof is located in Turkey
Posof
Posof
Coordinates: 41°30′42″N 42°43′45″E / 41.51167°N 42.72917°E / 41.51167; 42.72917Coordinates: 41°30′42″N 42°43′45″E / 41.51167°N 42.72917°E / 41.51167; 42.72917
CountryTurkey
ProvinceArdahan
Government
 • MayorCahit Ulgar (AKP)
 • KaymakamMuammer Köken
Area[1]
 • District623.25 km2 (240.64 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban2,046
 • District8,016
 • District density13/km2 (33/sq mi)
Post code75800
Websitewww.posof.bel.tr

Posof (Georgian: ფოცხოვი, Potskhovi) is a district of Ardahan Province of Turkey, in the far east of the country, 75 km from the city of Ardahan. It has a border crossing with neighboring Georgia at Türkgözü. Posof is well known for its handicrafts particularly its ornate silver belts and knives.

Geography[edit]

Posof is high in the mountains near the source of the River Çoruh, much of the district is pine forest.

Villages[edit]

The district of Posof has 49 villages; this list includes the new and old names (new names having been used for several years now):

History[edit]

Posof or Postkhovi was part of Iberia, Kingdom of Georgia, Georgian Principality of Samtskhe, Ottoman Empire, Russian Empire, and the Democratic Republic of Georgia. After the Treaty of Kars Posof was included into the Republic of Turkey.

Throughout most of the Middle Ages, the valley belonged to the noble Georgian House of Jaqeli. In 1064 the Seljuk Turkish Sultan Alp Arslan besieged Kol castle while passing over Mount Arşiyan to conquer the city of Ani.

During the First World War and the Turkish War of Independence in the 1920s Posof was the scene of fighting between Turkey and Russia.

Today this is an impoverished rural area that has seen many of its residents migrate to jobs abroad. One source of income is beekeeping.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.