Xingu River ray

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Xingu River ray
White-blotched River Stingray Potamotrygon leopoldi 2284px.jpg
Potamotrygon leopoldi.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Chondrichthyes
Order: Myliobatiformes
Family: Potamotrygonidae
Genus: Potamotrygon
Species: P. leopoldi
Binomial name
Potamotrygon leopoldi
Castex & Castello, 1970

The Xingu River ray, white-blotched river stingray, or polka-dot stingray (Potamotrygon leopoldi) is a species of freshwater fish in the Potamotrygonidae family. It is endemic to the Xingu River basin in Brazil and prefers rocky bottoms.[1] It is sometimes kept in aquaria.[1]

P. leopoldi reaches up to 40 cm (16 in) in disc width,[2] 75 cm (30 in) in total length and 20 kg (44 lb) in weight.[3] Females grow larger than males.[4] It is closely related to the similar P. henlei from the Tocantins River basin and P. albimaculata from the Tapajós River basin.[5]

Potamotrygon leopoldi


  1. ^ a b c Charvet-Almeida, P., Rosa, R.S. & Pinto de Almeida, M. (2009). "Potamotrygon leopoldi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017.1 (3.1). International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 22 February 2017. 
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2017). "Potamotrygon leopoldi" in FishBase. February 2017 version.
  3. ^ Fishing World-records: Potamotrygon leopoldi. Retrieved 22 February 2017.
  4. ^ "Polka-dot stingray, Potamotrygon leopoldi". Animals. Dallas World Aquarium. Retrieved 25 January 2016. 
  5. ^ Carvalho, M.R.d. (2016): Description of two extraordinary new species of freshwater stingrays of the genus Potamotrygon endemic to the rio Tapajós basin, Brazil (Chondrichthyes: Potamotrygonidae), with notes on other Tapajós stingrays. Zootaxa, 4167 (1): 1–63.