|Established||4 November 1790|
|Coordinates||52°15′07″N 20°58′22″E / 52.25194°N 20.97278°ECoordinates: 52°15′07″N 20°58′22″E / 52.25194°N 20.97278°E|
|Size||43 hectares (110 acres)|
|No. of graves||over 1 million|
|Find a Grave||Powązki Cemetery|
Powązki Cemetery (Polish pronunciation: [pɔˈvɔ̃skʲi]; Polish: Cmentarz Powązkowski), also known as Stare Powązki (English: Old Powązki), is a historic necropolis located in Wola district, in the western part of Warsaw, Poland. It is the most famous cemetery in the city and one of the oldest, having been established in 1790. It is the burial place of many illustrious individuals from Polish history. Some are interred along the "Avenue of the Distinguished" – Aleja Zasłużonych, created in 1925. It is estimated that over 1 million people are buried at Powązki.
The cemetery is often confused with the newer Powązki Military Cemetery, which is located to the north-west of Powązki Cemetery.
Powązki Cemetery was established on 4 November 1790 on land donated by nobleman Melchior Szymanowski, and consecrated on 20 May 1792. Initially it covered an area of only about 2.5 ha. In the same year Saint Karol Boromeusz Church, designed by Dominik Merlini, was built on the northern edge of the cemetery. The catacombs were erected soon thereafter.
Several other cemeteries were founded in the area: the Jewish cemetery, and those of the Calvinist, Lutheran, Caucasian and Tatar communities. The Orthodox cemetery is also located in the vicinity.
As in many old European cemeteries, some of the tombstones in Powązki were created by renowned sculptors, both Polish and foreign. Some of the monuments are examples of the then prevailing styles in art and architecture.
On All Saints Day (1 November) and Zaduszki (2 November) in Warsaw, vigils are held not only in the Roman Catholic cemeteries, but in the Protestant, Muslim, Jewish and Orthodox cemeteries as well. At Powązki Cemetery, many graves are lit up by Votive candles.
A few of the notables buried here are:
- Tekla Bądarzewska-Baranowska (1834–1861), composer
- Izabela Barcińska née Chopin, (1811–1881), younger sister of Fryderyk Chopin
- Anna Bilińska (1857–1893), painter
- Wojciech Bogusławski (1757–1829), writer, actor, director
- Stefan Bryla (1886–1943), notable for first welding bridge-Maurzyce Bridge
- Jan Gotlib Bloch (1836–1902), banker, railroad entrepreneur, philanthropist, economist, economist and social activist
- Emilia Chopin (1812–1827), youngest sister of Fryderyk Chopin
- Ludwika Jędrzejewicz née Chopin (1807–1855), oldest sister of Fryderyk Chopin
- Mikołaj Chopin (1771–1844), father of Fryderyk Chopin
- Tekla Justyna Chopin (1782–1861), mother of Fryderyk Chopin
- Gerard Antoni Ciołek (1909–1966), architect and historian of gardens
- Ignacy Dobrzyński (1807–1867), composer
- Jerzy Duszyński (1917–1978), actor
- Józef Elsner (1769–1854), composer and conductor. Piano teacher of Fryderyk Chopin.
- Władysław Filipkowski (1892–1950), military commander
- Pola Gojawiczyńska (1896–1963), writer
- Józef Gosławski, (1908–1963), sculptor and medallic artist
- Leopold Janikowski (1855–1942), meteorologist, explorer and ethnographer
- Stanisław Janikowski (1891–1965), Polish diplomat
- Stefan Jaracz (1883–1945), actor
- Jan Kiepura (1902–1966), singer and actor
- Krzysztof Kieślowski (1941–1996), film director
- Jan Kiliński (1760–1819), freedom fighter
- Stefan Kisielewski (1911–1991), art critic and writer
- Stanislava Klimashevskaya (1851–1939), photographer and studio owner
- Tomasz Knapik (1943–2021), film, radio and television reader
- Krzysztof Komeda (1931–1969), jazz composer
- Alfred Kowalski (1849–1915), painter
- Henryk Kuna (1885–1945), sculptor
- Witold Lutosławski (1913–1994), composer
- Józefat Ignacy Łukasiewicz (1789–1850), painter-artist
- Maciej Masłowski (1901–1976), art historian
- Stanisław Masłowski (1853–1926), painter-artist
- Witold Małcużyński (1914–1977), classical pianist
- Stefan Mazurkiewicz (1888–1945), co-founder of the Warsaw school of mathematics
- Jerzy Mierzejewski (1917–2012), artist and pedagogue
- Stanisław Moniuszko (1819–1872), composer
- Janusz Nasfeter (1920–1998) – film director and screenwriter; moved in 2018 from the Służew Old Cemetery
- Ola Obarska (1910–1992), singer and actress
- Antoni Osuchowski (1849–1928), philanthropist and national activist
- Piotr Pawlukiewicz (1960–2020), Roman Catholic priest, doctor of pastoral theology
- Lech Pijanowski (1928–1974), film-maker and game designer
- Bolesław Prus (1847–1912), journalist and novelist
- Grzegorz Przemyk (1964–1983), poet murdered by Milicja Obywatelska
- Kazimierz Pużak (1883–1950), died in the Communist prison, secretly buried in Powązki
- Władysław Reymont (1867–1925), Nobel Prize-winning novelist
- Edward Rydz-Śmigły (1886–1941), politician, statesman, Marshal of Poland and Commander-in-Chief of Poland's armed forces
- Ireneusz Roszkowski (1910–1996), gynaecologist
- Irena Sendlerowa (1910–2008), head of Children's Section of the Żegota
- Wacław Sierpiński (1882–1969), mathematician
- Andrzej Sołtan (1897–1959), physicist
- Zbigniew Ścibor-Rylski (1917–2018), military commander, participant of the Warsaw Uprising
- Michał Karaszewicz-Tokarzewski (1893–1964), general
- Jerzy Waldorff (1910–1999), art critic and one of the benefactors of the Cemetery
- Melchior Wańkowicz (1892–1974), writer
- Henryk Wieniawski (1835–1870), composer
- Kazimierz Wierzyński (1894–1969), poet and writer
- Stanisław Wigura (1901–1932), aircraft designer and aviator
- Stanisław Wojciechowski (1869–1953), president of Poland
- Aleksander Zelwerowicz (1877–1955), actor and director, patron of the Warsaw Drama Academy
- Franciszek Żwirko (1895–1932), aviator
- Wojciech Żywny (1756–1842), first piano teacher of Fryderyk Chopin, composer.
Saint Karol Boromeusz Church
Edward Rydz-Śmigły grave
- ^ a b "Historia Cmentarza Powązkowskiego" (in Polish). Archived from the original on 4 November 2010. Retrieved 10 August 2010.
- ^ a b "Najsłynniejszy cmentarz Warszawy". Retrieved 9 July 2017.