This enzyme belongs to the family of lyases, specifically the hydro-lyases, which cleave carbon-oxygen bonds. The systematic name of this enzyme class is prephenate hydro-lyase (decarboxylating; phenylpyruvate-forming). This enzyme is also called prephenate hydro-lyase (decarboxylating). This enzyme participates in phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis.
CERUTTI P, GUROFF G (1965). "ENZYMATIC FORMATION OF PHENYLPYRUVIC ACID IN PSEUDOMONAS SP. (ATCC 11299A) AND ITS REGULATION". J. Biol. Chem. 240: 3034–8. PMID14342329.
COTTON RG, GIBSON F (1965). "THE BIOSYNTHESIS OF PHENYLALANINE AND TYROSINE; ENZYMES CONVERTING CHORISMIC ACID INTO PREPHENIC ACID AND THEIR RELATIONSHIPS TO PREPHENATE DEHYDRATASE AND PREPHENATE DEHYDROGENASE". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 100: 76–88. doi:10.1016/0304-4165(65)90429-0. PMID14323651.
Schmidt JC; Zalkin H (1969). "Chorismate mutase-prephenate dehydratase. Partial purification and properties of the enzyme from Salmonella typhimurium". Biochemistry. 8 (1): 174–181. doi:10.1021/bi00829a025. PMID4887851.