Presidential Security Service (Russia)

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For the South Korean Presidential Security Service, see Presidential Security Service.
Presidential Security Service of Russia
Служба безопасности президента России
Common name Presidential Security Service
Abbreviation SBP
Russian presidential security service.gif
Logo of the Presidential Security Service of Russia
Agency overview
Formed November 11, 1993
Preceding agency Ninth Chief Directorate (KGB)
Employees 9,000~
Annual budget Classified
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Federal agency RUS
Governing body Federal Protective Service (Russia)
Constituting instrument Law On State Protection
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters The Kremlin, Moscow
Agency executive Alexey Rubezhnoy, Commander
Parent agency Federal Protective Service, FSO
Child agency Psychological Analysis Directorate
Anniversary November 11

The Presidential Security Service (SBP) (Russian: Служба безопасности президента России) is a federal government agency concerned with the tasks related to the protection of the President of Russia. It traces its origin to the USSR's Ninth Chief Directorate of the KGB, and in the beginning, it was led by KGB general Alexander Korzhakov.

Structure and command[edit]

From 2000 to 2013, the agency was headed by General Viktor Zolotov. SBP has roughly 2,000 - 3,000 non-uniformed personnel.

The Russian Presidential Security Service, although not listed as one of the structural units on the Russian Federal Protective Service's official website.[1] is a secret protective service of the FSO, who is responsible directly to the President's bodyguard services.

The SBP under Putin's first and second terms (2000–2008) was alleged to be effectively supervised by Viktor Zolotov, head of the president's personal security service.[2]

During Dmitry Medvedev's Presidency (2008 - 2012), some claim the SBP was still subordinated to Vladimir Putin and allegedly used to "keep an eye" on the Russian president Medvedev.[3]

Psychological Security Dept.[edit]

The Psychological Security Department is the Intelligence branch of SBP who is responsible for analyzing information collected about the security threats to the life of the president. The Department mixes several selected intelligence experts from the Military Intelligence, Federal Internal Security and the Foreign Intelligence into one branch.

Heads of Presidential Security Service[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Служба безопасности Президента (СБП)
  2. ^ Pete Earley. Comrade J.: The Untold Secrets of Russia's Master Spy in America after the End of the Cold War, Putnam Adult (January 24, 2008), ISBN 0-399-15439-6, pages 298-301.
  3. ^ Померяться силами May 15, 2008.