Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms
|Type||Organized crime; international criminal law|
|Drafted||31 May 2001|
|Signed||11 July 2001|
|Location||New York, United States|
|Effective||3 July 2005|
|Depositary||Secretary-General of the United Nations|
|Languages||Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish|
The Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition (Firearms Protocol) is a treaty on anti-arms trafficking including Small Arms and Light Weapons that is supplemental to the Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. It is one of the so-called Palermo protocols.
The Protocol was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly as Resolution 55/255 on 31 May 2001; the treaty entered into force on 3 July 2005. It was signed by 52 parties and as of May 2019 it has 117 parties, including 116 states and the European Union.
The states that have signed the protocol but have not yet ratified it are Australia, Canada, China, Germany, Iceland, Japan, Luxembourg, Monaco, Seychelles, and United Kingdom. In May 2019, France was (since the end of 2018) the sole among the top six arms exporting countries to have ratified the protocol. The other five – United States, Russia, Germany, China, and United Kingdom – had not.
- Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition, Supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime at the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) website
- United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the Protocols Thereto, official website, unodc.org
- Text, un.org.
- Signatures and ratifications, un.org.