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Badami Chalukya (543–753)
Pulakeshin I (IAST: Pulakeśin), also spelt Pulakesi I and Pulikeshi I, was a monarch from the Chalukya dynasty in then western Deccan and his descendants ruled over an empire that comprised the entire state of Karnataka and most of Andhra Pradesh. Pulakeshin overthrew the Kadambas to establish the Chalukya kingdom. He had the titles Satyashraya, Vallabha and Dharmamaharaja. He was the patron of Ravikirti.
The Chalukya records mention two early chiefs of the family, Jayasimha Vallabha (500–520) and his son, Ranaranga (520–540). They must have been petty chiefs under the Kadambas, but we know little about their activities and achievements.
Establishment of Chalukya kingdom
Pulakeshin I was Ranaranga's son. He earned the distinction of being the first independent King and the real founder of the Chalukya dynasty. He successfully defied the waning power of the Kadambas and proclaimed the Chalukyan independence. He chose Badami (Vatapi) as his capital and constructed a strong hill fortress there. The new fortress stood on the indefensible location surrounded by rivers and steep mountains.
Extent of kingdom
At the time of Pulakeshin I the Chalukyan kingdom did not extend much beyond the immediate vicinities of Badami. However his conquests pushed the borders of the empire outward from that core. He annexed the kingdom of Vakataka and expanded to the west coast of Karnataka giving him access to the valuable Arabian Sea trade routes.
Pulakeshin assumed titles like Vallabha, Dharma Maharaja, Satyashraya, Ranavikrama and so on. Inscriptions compare him with such mythical heroes as Yayati and Dilipa. His wife was Durlabhadevi of Bappura family.
Pulakeshin was succeeded by his son Kirtivarman I (566–597).
- Nilakanta Sastri, K.A. (1935). The CōĻas, University of Madras, Madras (Reprinted 1984).
- Nilakanta Sastri, K.A. (1955). A History of South India, OUP, New Delhi (Reprinted 2002).
- Dr. Suryanath U. Kamat (2001). Concise History of Karnataka, MCC, Bangalore (Reprinted 2002).
- South Indian Inscriptions - http://www.whatisindia.com/inscriptions/
- History of Karnataka, Mr. Arthikaje