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Akinwale Arobieke

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Akinwale Arobieke
Born
Akinwale Arobieke

(1961-07-15) 15 July 1961 (age 57)
Other namesPurple Aki
MotiveObsessive behaviour
Conviction(s)Manslaughter (1988; overturned on appeal)
Harassment (2003)
Witness intimidation (2003)
Criminal chargeManslaughter (1988)
Indecent assault (2001)
Harassment (2003)
Indecent assault (2003)
Witness intimidation (2003)

Akinwale Oluwafolajimi Oluwatope Arobieke[1] (born 15 July 1961)[1][2][3] is an English convicted criminal. Arobieke is known locally in North West England as Purple Aki and has claimed multiple times that this nickname is racially charged, the suggestion being that his skin is so black that it looks purple.[4] Arobieke is a 6 ft 5 in-tall (196 cm) bodybuilder who weighs 22 stone (140 kg; 310 lb).[5][6]

His criminal activities were originally ruled as sexually motivated, a fact which was recognised in 2006 by Liverpool Magistrates' Court, when Merseyside Police successfully applied to them for a Sexual Offences Prevention Order.[7] The Prevention Order, however, was lifted in May 2016[8] and Arobieke has never been convicted of a sexual offence.[9]

On 12 September 2016, BBC Three aired a documentary about Arobieke, The Man Who Squeezes Muscles: Searching for Purple Aki.[10] Later that year, Arobieke made an allegation against the BBC of incitement to racial hatred; he complained to Merseyside police that the documentary was racist and demonised him.[11]

Early life[edit]

Arobieke was born at Crumpsall Hospital in Crumpsall, Manchester.[1] His mother was a secretarial student of Nigerian origin. His father's identity is unknown.[1] He was placed in care at the age of six months and spent some time in a Barnardo's home in Llandudno. As an adult he worked in several jobs, including as a cleaner in the Mersey Tunnels and a messenger for Liverpool City Council.[1]

Criminal history[edit]

On 15 June 1986, a 16-year-old from Birkenhead named Gary Kelly[12] was electrocuted at New Brighton railway station, allegedly whilst running away from Arobieke. Arobieke was convicted of manslaughter, but successfully appealed against the conviction[13][14] on the grounds that he had not acted unlawfully by "standing on the platform and looking into trains".[15] In addition, Arobieke was reportedly awarded £35,000 compensation due to alleged racial overtones in the prosecution case.[1][16]

He appeared in court on 22 November 2001, pleading not guilty to fifty counts of indecent assault and harassment against fourteen teenage boys between February 1995 and September 2000. He was convicted of threatening behaviour and was jailed for thirty months.[17]

Released in 2003, Arobieke resumed his activities and was quickly arrested and charged.[1] During the course of the trial 123 people were interviewed by police, including one family who were forced into the Witness Protection Programme as a result of threats from Arobieke. This led to Arobieke being additionally charged with witness intimidation. On 15 December 2003 he was jailed for six years by Preston Crown Court, pleading guilty to fifteen counts of harassment and witness intimidation.[1] A further 61 counts, mostly of indecent assault, were left on file.[1] When sentencing Arobieke, Judge Slinger said: "You are a danger to young men and your behaviour is both strange and obsessive". After the case, Detective Superintendent Mike Dale said: "Over the years Akinwale Arobieke has been persistent in his pursuit and harassment of a number of young men, instilling fear into them. We are pleased with the sentencing. Most importantly it's to the credit of the witnesses, who despite their fears and apprehensions, have remained steadfast and determined to see justice done and this man prosecuted to stop him from making other people's lives a misery." [18]

Muscle touch ban[edit]

Arobieke was released on licence from prison on 26 October 2006. Unusually, Merseyside Police applied to Liverpool Magistrates' Court for an interim Sexual Offences Prevention Order against him, although he was never convicted of a sex offence. Under the terms of the order, Arobieke was banned from touching, feeling or measuring muscles; asking people to do squat exercises in public; entering the towns of St Helens, Warrington or Widnes without police permission; and loitering near schools, gyms, or sports clubs.[7] The ban was later overturned as "draconian" [19] but remained in force after a successful appeal by police.[20]

On 25 May 2007 Arobieke approached a man in a shopping centre in Preston and commented upon the size of his biceps before "touching them without permission". He was arrested shortly afterwards, on suspicion of breaching his Sexual Offences Prevention Order, and later convicted.[20][21] and jailed for a further 15 months,[22] with the muscle touching ban being made permanent.[22]

In July 2008 Arobieke was originally unsuccessful in trying to overturn the 'muscle touching ban', at one point 'behaving erratically' just before court.[23][24] During the court case, details of Arobieke's "stalker’s manual" were disclosed; a book Arobieke had compiled that was "full of details about victims' body measurements, contact numbers and families." It was alleged that Arobieke would "do research into his victim, confronting them with such details as their father's car registration number or sibling's place of education."

During the court case, DC Andrew Rowlings claimed that "Arobieke became sexually aroused while forcing terrified young men to perform "inverted piggybacks" — ordering them to squat so he could lean over their backs with his face by their buttocks and his genitalia on their necks, while squeezing their quad muscles".[5] During the court case Arobieke made an apology to his victims and admitted that he was "infamous, notorious, everything from a bogeyman to whatever."[25]

Breaches of SOPO[edit]

In late 2008 Arobieke approached a 17-year-old in Birkenhead and asked to feel his biceps. By doing so he was in breach of the Sexual Offences Prevention Order (SOPO) which specifically prohibited him from approaching young men and touching their muscles; he was arrested and convicted for this breach of the SOPO, receiving a sentence of 18 months.[6]

In April 2010, Arobieke appeared in court at Mold, North Wales, charged with further offences.[26] On 24 June 2010, after a jury found him guilty of touching the calf and quadriceps muscles of a 16-year-old boy in Llandudno, North Wales, the judge said that Arobieke was a "sexual predator" and jailed him for two and a half years. The offence was a breach of his Sexual Offences Prevention Order.[27] Arobieke, who defended himself in court, insisted he was the victim of malicious false allegations to the police: "They receive several calls a day saying I am in locations across the country even when I am in prison." [28]

In June 2012, Merseyside Police issued a statement denying rumours that Arobieke had died, stating that he remained in prison.[29] In June 2012, Arobieke was released from prison after serving two years of his sentence.

In August 2013, he was put on trial at Manchester Crown Court, after being accused of targeting young men in St Peter's Square in Manchester, Trafford and Bolton,[30] and was cleared of all charges.[31]

In February 2014, a Greater Manchester Police Professional Standards investigation found evidence to support police misconduct against Arobieke. This related to interactions with an off-duty police officer at body building events in the second half of 2012 (one of which led to arrest) and an October 2013 trial during which Arobieke was found not guilty of breaching his Sexual Offences Prevention Order. Arobieke claims to have spent almost two years in prison awaiting charges that were either dropped or from which he was acquitted.[14]

On 1 October 2015 Arobieke was once again found guilty of breaching his SOPO, having asked to touch and measure the muscles of a student travelling on an Arriva Trains Wales service from Manchester Piccadilly to Colwyn Bay on 11 October 2013. Arobieke, representing himself, denied the offence and claimed he was set up by the police because of his notoriety, but was convicted by a unanimous jury. He also complained about the use of the nickname, "Purple Aki", throughout prosecution papers, as he regards it as racist.[2] Arobieke had previously complained on these grounds to the Press Complaints Commission about newspapers' use of the nickname.[32]

In May 2016, Manchester Crown Court lifted the Prevention Order. In rendering his decision, Judge Richard Mansell indicated that while breaching the order was a "serious matter", the order's restrictions could "no longer be justified"[8][33] as 'none of the recent complainants had formed the slightest impression that Arobieke had derived sexual gratification from their muscles' and, unlike earlier incidents, the victims 'hadn’t suffered physical or psychological harm.' [34]

Racial discrimination[edit]

The 1986 conviction of manslaughter was overturned a year later, and Arobieke was awarded an estimated £35,000 in compensation due to alleged racial overtones in the prosecution case.[35] There was no evidence that Arobieke had threatened or touched Kelly and three judges ruled that his mere presence at the station was not an unlawful act of harm.[36]

After his hearing in 2008, Arobieke explained that psychiatric counselling had helped him realise that "if I am towering over them, and I am a big black man, they may not be being really consenting, they may be consenting out of fear."[37]

In August 2013, after being cleared of breaching his SOPO, Arobieke told the court he was the victim of a “modern-day witch hunt” and noted that officers had approached one alleged victim at his home rather than waiting for him to come forward.[38] Arobieke had been arrested after being spotted by Detective Inspector Lewis Hughes while off-duty at the Manchester event. In a call to a police operator, DI Lewis said: "There's a famous paedophile here." and then referred to Mr Arobieke by his nickname before adding: "His real name is quite a lengthy Nigerian name. He's very famous . . . He's here accosting people in the toilets. As far as I know he's got bail conditions that prevent him from attending this sort of event." He was then held in prison for six weeks before being released. In 2014, Arobieke sued Merseyside and Greater Manchester Police (GMP) over his treatment, noting that he had almost two years in jail awaiting charges that were either dropped or from which he was acquitted. A GMP Professional Standards investigation found two senior officers were given "words of advice" over their handling of an earlier complaint by Arobieke against DI Hughes. That complaint, which police failed to deal with correctly, was later to form part of a charge against Mr Arobieke of harassing DI Hughes and the case collapsed after the 28-year-old detective acted in what the investigation described as an “unacceptable and unprofessional” manner outside court.[39] On 23 January the findings of the investigation were released and include a number of complaints that were rejected but three that were upheld. One of the upheld complaints by Mr Arobieke alleged that during a visit to GMP headquarters on 9 December 2013, a staff member "came from behind the counter and confronted him in a threatening manner". The report said CCTV was viewed and "the conduct of the counter clerk was overly confrontational and likely to cause offence". The staff member "has been formally advised about his conduct".[40]

In 2016, police began investigating an allegation against the BBC of incitement to racial hatred after Arobieke complained that the 2016 documentary, The Man Who Squeezes Muscles: Searching for Purple Aki, was racist. In the film he is referred to as a “big black” man three times, and it is said that “everyone has seen him or been chased by him” and “everyone thinks they have spotted him and felt a shiver”. One alleged victim says “He is just purple and huge.”[41]

In 2017, Solita Bar and Grill apologised for naming a burger ‘Purple Teriyaki’, in reference to Arobieke's nickname, after complaints that the name could be construed as racist. The restaurant had posted the name on Twitter with a photo of a sign which included an arm squeezing a bicep.[42]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Kelly, Jon (12 September 2016). "The man who squeezes muscles". BBC News. Retrieved 2016-09-12.
  2. ^ a b Yarwood-NW, Sam (1 Oct 2015). "Akinwale Arobieke guilty of breaching muscle touch ban order". North Wales Daily Post. Trinity Mirror. Archived from the original on 2015-10-01. Retrieved 2015-10-01.
  3. ^ R v. Kevin John Underwood, Akinwale Arobiekem Mohammed Iftiyaz and James Connors, Smith Bernal Wordwave Limited (Official Shorthand Writers to the Court) (England and Wales Court of Appeal (Criminal Division) 30 July 2004).
  4. ^ "Restaurant bosses get grilling for naming new burger after notorious 'muscle-tweaking' oddball". The Sun. 2017-06-17. Retrieved 2017-10-12.
  5. ^ a b Aki's 'let me squeeze muscles' appeal – Liverpool Echo.co.uk
  6. ^ a b "Man jailed for muscle-squeezing". BBC News. 2009-04-30. Retrieved 2010-04-23.
  7. ^ a b "Man banned from touching muscles". BBC News. 2006-10-23. Retrieved 2007-03-19.
  8. ^ a b Bainbridge, Pete and Joshua Nevitt, Muscle obsessed bodybuilder vows to 'reinvent himself' after decade long ban on touching men's biceps is lifted, Daily Mirror, 5 May 2016. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
  9. ^ Hattenstone, Simon; Allison, Eric (2016-10-21). "Bodybuilder's race hate claim against BBC investigated by police". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-10-12.
  10. ^ Mayer Nissim (12 September 2016). "Watch BBC Three's new Purple Aki documentary". Digital Spy. Retrieved 2016-09-12.
  11. ^ Hattenstone, Simon; Allison, Eric (2016-10-21). "Bodybuilder's race hate claim against BBC investigated by police". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-10-12.
  12. ^ "none". Wirral Globe. 18 June 1986.
  13. ^ "Man 'breached muscle-squeeze ban'". BBC News. 28 April 2009. Retrieved 2015-09-29.
  14. ^ a b "Akinwale Arobieke: "Modern-day bogeyman" says I'm the victim of a witch hunt". Liverpool Echo. 3 February 2014. Retrieved 2015-09-29.
  15. ^ R v Arobieke [1988], CA
  16. ^ "6ft 5in giant stalks Rugby super league stars". The People. 16 March 1997.
  17. ^ Liverpool Daily Post, 23 November 2001.
  18. ^ "Purple Aki jailed". St Helens Today. 2003-12-18. Archived from the original on 12 January 2004. Retrieved 2007-03-19.
  19. ^ "'Muscle touching' ban overturned". BBC News. 2007-02-23. Retrieved 2007-02-23.
  20. ^ a b "'Muscles man' Aki arrested again". Liverpool Echo. 2007-06-28. Retrieved 2007-06-28.
  21. ^ "Sex Offender breached court order". Lancashire Evening Post. 2007-11-14. Retrieved 2008-01-18.
  22. ^ a b "Man must stop touching muscles". Liverpool Daily Post. 2008-02-15. Archived from the original on 19 May 2009. Retrieved 2008-03-19.
  23. ^ "Muscles pervert "erratic" in court – Liverpool Daily Post.co.uk". Archived from the original on 9 July 2008. Retrieved 17 May 2008.
  24. ^ Muscles pervert 'erratic' in court, Liverpool Daily Post, 16 May 2008. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  25. ^ Aki: I’m sorry for my touching of men’s muscles. I know it was wrong – Liverpool Echo.co.uk
  26. ^ Liverpool Echo, 21 April 2010
  27. ^ "News – Liverpool Local News – Notorious Liverpool man jailed for touching boy's muscles". Liverpool Echo. Retrieved 2012-06-23.
  28. ^ "Searching for Aki". BBC News. Retrieved 2017-10-12.
  29. ^ "'Purple Aki' death rumours unfounded". St Helens Reporter. 29 June 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-20.
  30. ^ Hills, Suzannah (1 August 2013). "Bodybuilder who has been jailed three times for squeezing muscles of well-built men 'has been at it again after he asked another victim to do squats in front of him'". Daily Mail.
  31. ^ Jaleel, Gemma (7 August 2013). "Akinwale Arobieke found not guilty of touching men's muscles". Liverpool Echo.
  32. ^ "Adjudicated Complaints – Mr Akinwale Arobieke". Press Complaints Commission. 31 March 2008. Archived from the original on 1 October 2015. Retrieved 2015-10-01.
  33. ^ Osuh, Chris, Muscle fanatic Akinwale has his ban on touching men's biceps lifted – and vows to reinvent himself, Manchester Evening News, 6 May 2016. Retrieved 12 September 2016. "Lifting the order would allow him to pursue his interest in an ‘appropriate venue’, the judge said, like a gym or a bodybuilding event. ‘The ban on touching muscles is just not on,’ the judge said. ‘I’m not into bodybuilding myself, but I’d have thought men who have muscles in their arms the diameter of my leg are the sort of men who will admire each other’s bodies.’"
  34. ^ "Searching for Aki". BBC News. Retrieved 2017-10-12.
  35. ^ Hattenstone, Simon; Allison, Eric (2016-10-21). "Bodybuilder's race hate claim against BBC investigated by police". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-10-12.
  36. ^ "Searching for Aki". BBC News. Retrieved 2017-10-12.
  37. ^ "Searching for Aki". BBC News. Retrieved 2017-10-12.
  38. ^ "Searching for Aki". BBC News. Retrieved 2017-10-12.
  39. ^ Echo, Liverpool (2014-02-03). "Akinwale Arobieke: "Modern-day bogeyman" says I'm the victim of a witch hunt". liverpoolecho. Retrieved 2017-10-12.
  40. ^ Echo, Liverpool (2014-02-03). "Akinwale Arobieke: "Modern-day bogeyman" says I'm the victim of a witch hunt". liverpoolecho. Retrieved 2017-10-12.
  41. ^ Hattenstone, Simon; Allison, Eric (2016-10-21). "Bodybuilder's race hate claim against BBC investigated by police". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-10-12.
  42. ^ "Restaurant backtracks after naming burger after convict 'Purple Aki'". Metro. 2017-06-17. Retrieved 2017-10-12.