RMS Transylvania (1925)

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History
United Kingdom
Name: HMS Transylvania
Builder: Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering Company, Govan, Glasgow
Launched: 11 March 1925, as SS Transylvania
Acquired: August 1939
Commissioned: 5 October 1939
In service: September 1925
Out of service: August 1939
Fate: Sunk, 10 August 1940
General characteristics
Type: Armed merchant cruiser
Displacement: 16,923 long tons (17,195 t)
Length: 552 ft (168 m)
Beam: 70.2 ft (21.4 m)
Speed: 15.5 knots (28.7 km/h; 17.8 mph)
Complement: 336
Armament:

RMS Transylvania was a British Anchor Line passenger liner later converted into an armed merchant cruiser, pennant F56 during World War II. She was launched on 11 March 1925 and sunk by the German U-boat U-56 on 10 August 1940.

Transylvania was built in Glasgow, Scotland, by the Fairfield company, Yard No. 595. She was 552 feet (168 m) long and 70.2 feet (21.4 m) wide. The liner had twin propellers with a service speed of 15.5 knots (28.7 km/h; 17.8 mph). Transylvania had three funnels but only required one; three funnels were more visually appealing and attracted more passengers than her similar-looking fleetmates which only had one funnel each.

Transylvania was completed on 2 September 1925, and sailed from Glasgow to New York on her maiden voyage 10 days later. Transylvania could carry 279 in First Class, 344 in Second Class and 800 in Third Class.[citation needed]

In September 1939, the liner was requisitioned as an armed merchant cruiser and on 10 August 1940, off Malin Head, Ireland, she was torpedoed by U-56. Transylvania was being towed afterward but sank before reaching land. 36 lives were lost.[1]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ "HMS Transylvania (F56)". uboat.net. Retrieved 21 November 2010. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

Bibliography[edit]

  • Osborne, Richard; Spong, Harry & Grover, Tom (2007). Armed Merchant Cruisers 1878–1945. Windsor, UK: World Warship Society. ISBN 978-0-9543310-8-5.