RNF12

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RLIM
Identifiers
Aliases RLIM, NY-REN-43, RNF12, ring finger protein, LIM domain interacting
External IDs MGI: 1342291 HomoloGene: 7920 GeneCards: RLIM
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

NM_183353
NM_016120

NM_011276

RefSeq (protein)

NP_057204
NP_899196

NP_035406.3
NP_035406

Location (UCSC) Chr X: 74.59 – 74.61 Mb Chr X: 103.96 – 103.98 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]
Wikidata
View/Edit Human View/Edit Mouse

E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase RLIM is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the RLIM gene.[3][4]

Function[edit]

The protein encoded by this gene is a RING-H2 zinc finger protein. It has been shown to be a ubiquitin protein ligase that targets LIM domain binding 1 (LDB1/CLIM), and causes proteasome-dependent degradation of LDB1. This protein and LDB1 are co-repressors of LHX1/LIM-1, a homeodomain transcription factor. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same protein have been reported.[4] Functions in female mice as a regulator of X chromosome inactivation .

Interactions[edit]

RNF12 has been shown to interact with Estrogen receptor alpha.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:". 
  2. ^ "Mouse PubMed Reference:". 
  3. ^ Scanlan MJ, Gordan JD, Williamson B, Stockert E, Bander NH, Jongeneel V, Gure AO, Jäger D, Jäger E, Knuth A, Chen YT, Old LJ (Nov 1999). "Antigens recognized by autologous antibody in patients with renal-cell carcinoma". Int. J. Cancer. 83 (4): 456–64. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-0215(19991112)83:4<456::AID-IJC4>3.0.CO;2-5. PMID 10508479. 
  4. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: RNF12 ring finger protein 12". 
  5. ^ Johnsen SA, Güngör C, Prenzel T, Riethdorf S, Riethdorf L, Taniguchi-Ishigaki N, Rau T, Tursun B, Furlow JD, Sauter G, Scheffner M, Pantel K, Gannon F, Bach I (Jan 2009). "Regulation of estrogen-dependent transcription by the LIM cofactors CLIM and RLIM in breast cancer". Cancer Res. 69 (1): 128–36. doi:10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-08-1630. PMC 2713826Freely accessible. PMID 19117995. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Rual JF, Venkatesan K, Hao T, Hirozane-Kishikawa T, Dricot A, Li N, Berriz GF, Gibbons FD, Dreze M, Ayivi-Guedehoussou N, Klitgord N, Simon C, Boxem M, Milstein S, Rosenberg J, Goldberg DS, Zhang LV, Wong SL, Franklin G, Li S, Albala JS, Lim J, Fraughton C, Llamosas E, Cevik S, Bex C, Lamesch P, Sikorski RS, Vandenhaute J, Zoghbi HY, Smolyar A, Bosak S, Sequerra R, Doucette-Stamm L, Cusick ME, Hill DE, Roth FP, Vidal M (2005). "Towards a proteome-scale map of the human protein-protein interaction network". Nature. 437 (7062): 1173–8. doi:10.1038/nature04209. PMID 16189514. 
  • Hiratani I, Yamamoto N, Mochizuki T, Ohmori SY, Taira M (2003). "Selective degradation of excess Ldb1 by Rnf12/RLIM confers proper Ldb1 expression levels and Xlim-1/Ldb1 stoichiometry in Xenopus organizer functions". Development. 130 (17): 4161–75. doi:10.1242/dev.00621. PMID 12874135. 
  • Ostendorff HP, Peirano RI, Peters MA, Schlüter A, Bossenz M, Scheffner M, Bach I (2002). "Ubiquitination-dependent cofactor exchange on LIM homeodomain transcription factors". Nature. 416 (6876): 99–103. doi:10.1038/416099a. PMID 11882901. 
  • Ostendorff HP, Bossenz M, Mincheva A, Copeland NG, Gilbert DJ, Jenkins NA, Lichter P, Bach I (2000). "Functional characterization of the gene encoding RLIM, the corepressor of LIM homeodomain factors". Genomics. 69 (1): 120–30. doi:10.1006/geno.2000.6311. PMID 11013082. 
  • Bach I, Rodriguez-Esteban C, Carrière C, Bhushan A, Krones A, Rose DW, Glass CK, Andersen B, Izpisúa Belmonte JC, Rosenfeld MG (1999). "RLIM inhibits functional activity of LIM homeodomain transcription factors via recruitment of the histone deacetylase complex". Nat. Genet. 22 (4): 394–9. doi:10.1038/11970. PMID 10431247. 
  • Shin J, Bossenz M, Chung Y, Ma H, Byron M, Taniguchi-Ishigaki N, Zhu X, Jiao B, Hall LL, Green MR, Jones SN, Hermans-Borgmeyer I, Lawrence JB, Bach I (2010). "Maternal Rnf12/RLIM is required for imprinted X-chromosome inactivation in mice". Nature. 467 (7318): 977–81. doi:10.1038/nature09457. PMID 20962847. 
  • Jiao B, Taniguchi-Ishigaki N, Güngör C, Peters MA, Chen YW, Riethdorf S, Drung A, Ahronian LG, Shin J, Pagnis R, Pantel K, Tachibana T, Lewis BC, Johnsen SA, Bach I (2013). "Functional activity of RLIM/Rnf12 is regulated by phosphorylation-dependent nucleocytoplasmic shuttling". Mol Biol Cell. 24 (19): 3085–96. doi:10.1091/mbc.E13-05-0239. PMID 23904271.