Rafail Farbman

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Rafail Borisovich Farbman (Russian: Рафаил Борисович Фарбман, Ukrainian: Рафаіл Борисович Фарбман; 1893–1966) was a Russian Jewish revolutionary and a Bolshevik.

Born in 1893 in Kursk, Farbman was a member of RSDLP since 1910 (at 17) conducting revolutionary activities in Kiev. In 1914 he was arrested and exiled to Tobolsk Governorate. After the February Revolution Farbman joined the Kiev committee of RSDLP becoming a chairman of Kiev Trade Unions and eventually a member of central committee of the Communist Party (bolsheviks) of Ukraine and the Central Executive Committee of Ukraine.

In 1919 as a member of Frontlines Bureau Farbman was in charge of the information and communication party department and a member of Orgbureau of the Communist Party of Ukraine. From January through March 1920 he acted as a secretary of the central committee in the absence of Stanislav Kosior. Later in 1920 Farbman moved to Moscow where he headed a city department of People's Education. He was a member of the 9th and 10th congresses of RSDLP(b). On December 18, 1927 Farbman was excluded from the Communist Party as a member of the United Opposition on a decision of the 15th party congress, but in 1932 he was reinstated. In 1930-35 Farbman worked as a deputy chief of the Trust Administration "Rudmetalltorg"[1][2] (Metal-ore trade). In 1933 he was excluded from the party once again for Trotskyism and in 1935 he was arrested, receiving a life sentence. Farbman was freed only in 1956 and received an amnesty. He died in 1966.


  1. ^ Khazanov, L. How in 1920s the "colored" scrap was collected. "Metallosnabzhenie i sbyt". November 2006.
  2. ^ Videneeva, A. A history on the destruction of Rostov bells. State Museum-Sanctuary "Rostov Kremlin" official website.

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Party political offices
Preceded by
Stanislav Kosior
1st Secretary of the Communist Party of Ukraine (acting)
Succeeded by
Nikolai Beschetvertnoi