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Володи́мир Петрович Зато́нський
|Chairman of TsVK|
March 19, 1918 – April 18, 1918
|Preceded by||Yukhym Medvedev|
|Succeeded by||reorganized as Uprising Nine|
|Secretary of Education|
December 30, 1917 – April 18, 1918
|Prime Minister||Mykola Skrypnyk|
|Preceded by||position created|
(as Narkom of Education)
|Narkom of Education|
November 28, 1918 – ?
|Prime Minister||Heorhiy Pyatakov
(as Secreatary of Education)
|Chairman of Halych Revkom|
July 8, 1920 – September 21, 1920
|Preceded by||position introduced|
|Succeeded by||position disbanded|
July 27, 1888|
Lysets, Podolia Governorate, Russian Empire
|Died||July 29, 1938
Kiev, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
|Spouse(s)||Olena Samiylivna Raskina|
|Alma mater||Kiev University|
Volodymyr Zatonsky (Ukrainian: Володи́мир Зато́нський; Russian: Затонский, Владимир Петрович Vladimir Petrovich Zatonsky ) (July 27, 1888 – July 29, 1938) was a Soviet politician, Communist Party activist, and member of the Ukrainian SSR Academy of Sciences (since 1929).
Life and career
Zatonsky was born in the village of Lysets in of Ushitsy (Ushytsia) Uyezd, Podolia Governorate, Russian Empire (now in Dunaivtsi Raion, Khmelnytskyi Oblast, Ukraine) into the family of a volost pysar.
He joined the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP) party as a Menshevik in 1905. In March 1917 he joined the Bolsheviks as the member of the Kiev Committee, later joining the Kiev revkom as well. He was one of few who initiated the organization of the Congress of the Workers-Peasants and Soldiers deputies as well as the military coup in Kiev. Zatonsky participated in the fight against the Central Rada.
At the beginning of 1918 he was the Head of the Ukrainian delegation from the Soviet Ukrainian People's Republic for the Brest-Litovsk Peace Conference. From March 19 to April 18, 1918, he was Chairman of All-Ukrainian Central Executive Committee. In July 1918 he was a commissar of a strike force against the Left Socialist-Revolutionary rebellion in Moscow.
Beginning in November 1918 he was the Narkom of People's Education. While in that post he did everything in his power to shut down the Kamyanets-Podilsky State University as the concentration of the counter-revolutionary forces of Symon Petliura. He personally was offered a position by Lenin as a representative of the Soviet Ukrainian People's Republic in the Russian SFSR.
In 1920 he was chairman of Galrevkom. In 1921 he received the Order of the Red Banner for the suppression of the Kronshtadt mutiny. Afterwards he held various government and Party positions in the Ukrainian SSR. In 1922 he was one of the persons who signed for the establishment of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics as the representative of the Ukrainian Socialist Soviet Republic. In September 1933 Zatonsky was appointed as chief editor of the Ukrainian Soviet Encyclopedia.
On November 3, 1937, he was arrested in a movie theater while he was with his family. Later the authorities conducted an unsanctioned search of his apartment searching for a proof of him being a spy for "bourgeois" Poland. After several days his wife was arrested as well. He was charged with being a member of an anti-Soviet Ukrainian nationalist center. On July 29, 1938, he was convicted after a 20-minute-long trial and sentenced to 10 years in prison without right of correspondence. During the Great Purge this was a euphemism for a death sentence, and the same day he was executed by firing squad. In 1956 Zatonsky, along with many others, was posthumously rehabilitated.
- Budivnytstvo Radianskoyi Ukrainy (Kharkiv: 1928)
|Director of Chervony Shliach