Rana (Sanskrit: राणा) is a Rajput title equivalent to monarch. It is used today as a self-proclaimed hereditary name in South Asia. Rani is the title for the wife of a Rana or a female Monarch. Rani also applies to the wife of a Raja. Compound titles include Rana Sahib, Ranaji, Rana Bahadur, and Maharana.
Royal title in India
Rana title in Pakistan
Members of many Rajput clans use Rana as a hereditary title in Pakistan and their majority is Muslim. However Hindu Rajputs with this title also exist in Sindh. Umerkot was a state with a Hindu Rajput ruler in Sindh (presen-day Pakistan). In the 16th century Rana Prasad, the then Rana of Umerkot, gave refuge to Mughal prince Humayun and his wife Hamida Banu Begum, who fled from military defeat at the hands of Sher Shah Suri. Their son Akbar was born in the fort of the Rana of Umerkot.
- Seesodia, Jessrajsingh (1915). The Rajputs: A Fighting Race. East and West, ltd. p. 41.
- Bhattarai, Krishna (2009). Nepal. Infobase Publishing. p. 42. ISBN 9781438105239.
- "Rajput appeal from Amarkot". The News International, Pakistan. 24 July 2013. Retrieved 10 September 2015.
- "Rana kin in Pakistan for mourning". The Times of India. Retrieved 10 September 2015.
- "Umerkot’s former Rajput ruler is dead". The Hindu. Retrieved 10 September 2015.