Rangpur, India

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Rangpur
Rangpur, India is located in India
Rangpur, India
Shown within India
LocationVanala, Gujarat, India
Coordinates22°26′N 71°55′E / 22.433°N 71.917°E / 22.433; 71.917Coordinates: 22°26′N 71°55′E / 22.433°N 71.917°E / 22.433; 71.917
TypeSettlement
History
PeriodsHarappan 1 to Iron Age
CulturesIndus Valley Civilization

Rangpur is an ancient archaeological site near Vanala on Saurashtra peninsula in Gujarat, western India. Lying on the tip between the Gulf of Khambhat and Gulf of Kutch, it belongs to the period of the Indus Valley Civilization, and lies to the northwest of the larger site of Lothal.[1] It is the type site for the Rangpur culture, a regional form of the late phase of the Indus Valley Civilization that existed in Gujarat during the 2nd millennium BCE.

Excavation[edit]

Map of Rangpur and other sites of the Indus Valley Civilization, late phase

Trail Diggings were conducted by the Archeological Survey of India (ASI) during 1931 led by M.S.Vats. Later, Ghurye (1939), Dikshit (1947) and S. R. Rao (1953–56) excavated the site under ASI projects.[2]

S.R.Rao has classified the deposits into four periods with three sub periods in Harappan Culture, Period II with an earlier Period, Microlithic and a Middle Paleolithic State (River sections) with points, scrapers and blades of jasper. The dates given by S.R.Rao are:

  • Period I - Microlithis unassociated with Pottery : 3000 BC
  • Period II - Harappan : 2000–1500 BC
    • Period II B - Late Harappan : 1500–1100 BC
    • Period II C - Transition Phase of Harappa : 1100–1000 BC
  • Period III - Lustrous Red Ware Period : 1000-800 BC.[3]

Architecture and town planning[edit]

Acacia wood was used in Rangpur for construction, tools and furniture.[4]

Artefacts found[edit]

Dishes with beaded rim and grooved shoulder, painted black - and redware and high-necked jars.[5] Evidence of shell working found.[6]Other artifacts found at the site include axes, beads of steatite and carnelian and Earthen wares.

Cultivation[edit]

Large quantity of plant remains were found at Rangpur. Bajra,[7] rice[8] (Period IIA) and Millet (Period HI) were found.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ History of Ancient and Early Medieval India, by Upinder Singh
  2. ^ Archeological Survey of India
  3. ^ Archeological Survey of India
  4. ^ McIntosh, Jane.(2008) The Ancient Indus Valley : New Perspectives. ABC-CLIO. Page 140 [1]
  5. ^ Archeological Surve of India Publication: Indian Archeology 1955-56. Page 70 [2]
  6. ^ Singh, Upinder (2008). A history of ancient and early medieval India : from the Stone Age to the 12th century. New Delhi: Pearson Education. p. 164. ISBN 9788131711200.
  7. ^ McIntosh, Jane.(2008) The Ancient Indus Valley : New Perspectives. ABC-CLIO. Page 112 [3]
  8. ^ History of Ancient and Early Medieval India, by Upinder Singh
  9. ^ Bridget and Raymond Allchin (1968) The Rise of Civilisaton in India and Pakistan. Page 245 [4]

Further reading[edit]