Ranjit Sagar Dam

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Ranjit Sagar Dam
Ranjit Sagar Dam is located in Punjab
Ranjit Sagar Dam
Ranjit Sagar Dam is located in India
Ranjit Sagar Dam
Location of Ranjit Sagar Dam in India Punjab#India
Country India
Location Basholi & Pathankot
Coordinates 32°26′33″N 75°43′43″E / 32.44250°N 75.72861°E / 32.44250; 75.72861Coordinates: 32°26′33″N 75°43′43″E / 32.44250°N 75.72861°E / 32.44250; 75.72861
Status Operational
Construction began 1981
Opening date 2001
Owner(s) Punjab State Power Corporation
Dam and spillways
Type of dam Embankment, earth-fill
Impounds Ravi River
Height 160 m (525 ft)
Length 617 m (2,024 ft)
Elevation at crest 540 m (1,772 ft)
Width (crest) 14 m (46 ft)
Width (base) 669.2 m (2,196 ft)
Dam volume 21,920,000 m3 (28,670,278 cu yd)[1]
Spillway type Controlled-chute
Spillway capacity 24,637 m3/s (870,047 cu ft/s)
Reservoir
Total capacity 3,280,000,000 m3 (2,659,139 acre·ft)
Active capacity 2,344,000,000 m3 (1,900,312 acre·ft)
Normal elevation 527.9 m (1,732 ft)
Power station
Commission date 2000[2]
Hydraulic head 121.9 m (400 ft) (max)[3]
Turbines 4 x 150 MW Francis-type
Installed capacity 600 MW
BankThein Dam lake
Ranjit sagar dam lake

The Ranjit Sagar Dam, also known as the Thein Dam, is part of a hydroelectric project constructed by the Government of Punjab on the Ravi River on the Border of two states of India Jammu and Kashmir and Punjab. 60% of the lake is part of J&K. The project is situated near Pathankot city in Pathankot district of the state of Punjab and Basholi tehsil of Kathua district in J&K. The project is the largest hydroelectric dam of the state of Punjab. The township where the site is located is called Shah pur Kandi Township. Feasibility studies for the project began in 1953 and geotechnical studies continued until 1980. Construction began in 1981, the generators were commissioned in 2000 and the project complete in March 2001.[4]

The project is used for both irrigation purposes and power generation. It has an 600 Megawatt capacity. The dam is one of the highest earth-fill dams in India and has the largest diameter penstock pipes in the country.

Several issues and claims were consistently reported by the govt of J&K to govt of Punjab over the usage of water, electricity, employment and compensation to the locals against the land acquisition. Finally on 12th May 2017 govt of J&K has raised this issue in the Northern Zonal Council Meeting held in Chandigarh on this Ministry of Home Affairs, GOI has decided to construct barrage to allow both states to enjoy equal rights over the dam. Barrages will help J&K in irrigation in Samba and Kathua districts in Jammu division of J&K. Punjab govt has also agreed to share electricity produced through the project. But the previous claims of J&K remained unsettled. In 2017 Govt of J&K has claims worth 8000 crores for the loss against govt of Punjab, on which the Punjab govt has never shown any interest to square them off. It is located upstream of the Madhopur Barrage at Madhopur.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "India: National Register of Large Dams 2009" (PDF). Central Water Commission. Retrieved 22 November 2011. 
  2. ^ "Ranjit Sagar Dam". Punjab State Power Corporation Ltd. Retrieved 24 November 2011. 
  3. ^ a b "Ranjitsagar Dam". Central Water Commission. Retrieved 24 November 2011. 
  4. ^ "An Overview of Ranjit Sagar Dam Project, Gurdaspur District, Punjab" (PDF). Geological Survey of India. Retrieved 24 November 2011.