Ranunculus papulentus

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Large river buttercup
Ranunculus papulentus 1.jpg
Ranunculus papulentus flower
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae
Genus: Ranunculus
R. papulentus
Binomial name
Ranunculus papulentus

Ranunculus papulentus, commonly known as the large river buttercup, is a buttercup that is endemic to south-eastern Australia.


The large river buttercup is an upright perennial herb 10–25 cm in height with underground stolons. The flowering stems are slender and erect, 3–30 cm in height. It has 2-4 flowers with spreading, glossy yellow petals.[1]

It has leaves with lamina 2–4 cm long. The three primary segments each have 3–5 lobes or teeth, or are rarely entire. The petiole is usually 4–25 cm long. The petals are 7–12 mm long and 2–4 mm wide. The nectary lobes are elliptical or semicircular. It usually has 12–36 achenes, 1.7–3.6 mm long, with the lateral faces irregularly wrinkled or pitted, or rarely smooth, and when mature often pale and thickened along the dorsal ridge.[2]

Ranunculus papulentus flower and peduncle. Individuals can have 1-4 flowers, each with 5-6 sepals.
Ranunculus papulentus leaf
Habit of Ranunculus papulentus.
Top: R. papulentus flower and peduncle. Individuals can have 1-4 flowers, each with 5-6 sepals. Bottom left: R. papulentus leaf. Right: Habit of R. papulentus, in a Juncus dominated wetland.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

It has been recorded from New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia and the Australian Capital Territory. It occurs in freshwater wetland environments, on mud or in pools.[1]

Biology and ecology[edit]

Flowering may occur from spring to autumn.[2] The plant has a rhizomatous habit which aids its spread.[1]



  1. ^ a b c Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges Threatened Species Profile
  2. ^ a b New South Wales Flora Online


  • "Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges Threatened Species Profile: Ranunculus papulentus" (PDF). Department for Environment and Heritage, South Australia. Retrieved 19 March 2010.
  • "New South Wales Flora Online: Ranunculus papulentus". National Herbarium of New South Wales. Retrieved 19 March 2010.