Raphignathoidea

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Raphignathoidea
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Subclass: Acari
Superorder: Acariformes
Order: Trombidiformes
Section: Raphignathae
Superfamily: Raphignathoidea
Kramer, 1877
Families

11; see text

The Raphignathoidea is a superfamily of the Acari (mite) Order Trombidiformes. It contains many predators of small invertebrates, while some are herbivores and others parasites.[1]

The predatory Raphignathoidea are of some commercial importance, as many are suitable for biological pest control. They are bred and released to control such plant pests as gall mites (Eriophyidae), spider mites (Tetranychidae) or scale insects (Coccoidea) in agriculture and forestry.[1]

This is a diverse and widespread group of mites. With about 62 genera and some 877 species,[2] Raphignathoidea mites are abundant on most continents, including a few that have colonized Antarctica. The lineage dates back at least to the PaleoceneEocene boundary, about 56 million years ago.[1]

Families[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Qing-Hai Fan & Zhi-Qiang Zhang (2005). Fauna of New Zealand Number 52 Raphignathoidea (Acari: Prostigmata). Manaaki Whenua Press. ISBN 0-478-09371-3. 
  2. ^ Zhi-Qiang Zhang; Qing-Hai Fan; Vladimir Pesic; Harry Smit; Andre V. Bochkov; A. A. Khaustov; Anne Baker; Andreas Wohltmann; Tinghuan Wen; James W. Amrine; P. Beron; Jianzhen Lin; Grzegorz Gabrys; Robert Husband. "Order Trombidiformes Reuter, 1909" (PDF). In Z.-Q. Zhang. Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa. 3148. pp. 129–138. ISBN 978-1-86977-849-1.