Trombidiformes

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Trombidiformes
Trombidium holosericeum (aka).jpg
Trombidium holosericeum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Subclass: Acari
Superorder: Acariformes
Order: Trombidiformes
Suborders

See text

The Trombidiformes are a large, diverse order of mites.

Taxonomy[edit]

In 1998, Trombidiformes was divided into the Sphaerolichida and the Prostigmata.[1] The group has few synapomorphies by which it can be defined, unlike the other major group of acariform mites, Sarcoptiformes.[1] Its members include medically important mites (such as Demodex, the chiggers, and scrub-itch mites) and many agriculturally important species, including the spider mites (Tetranychidae) and gall mites (Eriophyidae).[1]

The 2004 classification retained the two suborders, comprising around 125 families and more than 22,000 described species.[2]

In the 2011 revised classification, the order now contains 151 families, 2235 genera and 25,821 species, and there were another 10 species with 24 species that present only as fossils.[3] These 151 families were classified into the same two major suborders[3]

  • Sphaerolichida OConnor, 1984: Now contains only two superfamilies;
  • Prostigmata Kramer, 1877: Still the biggest branch in this taxon, with four infraorders and 40 superfamilies.


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Heather Proctor (August 9, 1998). "Trombidiformes. Trombidiform mites". Tree of Life Web Project. Retrieved June 9, 2010. 
  2. ^ David Evans Walker (2004). "Hidden in Plain Sight: Mites in the Canopy". In Margaret Lowman, H. Bruce Rinker. Forest Canopies. Physiological Ecology Series (2nd ed.). Academic Press. pp. 224–241. ISBN 978-0-12-457553-0. 
  3. ^ a b Zhang, Zhi-Qiang; Fan, Qing-Hai; Pesic, Vladimir; Smit, Harry; Bochkov, Andre V.; Khaustov, A. A.; Baker, Anne; Wohltmann, Andreas; Wen, Tinghuan; Amrine, James W.; Beron, P.; Lin, Jianzhen; Gabrys, Grzegorz; Husband, Robert (2011). "Order Trombidiformes Reuter, 1909" (PDF). In Zhang, Z.-Q. Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa. Magnolia Press. pp. 129–147. ISBN 978-1-86977-850-7. ISSN 1175-5334. 

External links[edit]