Rashid al-Din Vatvat

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Incipit Page of One Hundred Sayings by Ali by Rashid al-Din Muhammad Umar-i Vatvāt

Rashid al-Din Muhammad Umar-i Vatvāt (Persian: امیر امام رشیدالدین سعدالملک محمد بن محمد بن عبدالجلیل عمری‎) (d. 1182–1183)[1] was a 12th-century Sunni[2] Khwarezmian[3] panegyrist and epistolographer. He was born in Balkh, (now modern-day Afghanistan).[4]

Served at the court of Khwarazmshah Kings, although he should not be mistaken for a later physician by the name Amin al-Din Rashid al-Din Vatvat. While serving as court poet, it was through him that Atsiz ibn Muhammad boasted of the end of the Great Seljuq empire.[5]

He also composed qasidehs, but his rhetorical work Hadā'iq al-sihr fi daqa'iq al-shi'r ("Magic Gardens of the Niceties of Poetry") is in prose.[2]


  1. ^ Ihām, Encyclopædia Iranica
  2. ^ a b Poets and Prose Writers of the Late Saljuq and Mongol Periods, J. Rypka, The Cambridge History of Iran, Vol. 5, ed. J.A. Boyle, (Cambridge University Press, 1968), 560-561.
  3. ^ Translation, Arabic into Persian, Louise Marlow, Medieval Islamic Civilization: L-Z, index, Vol. II, ed. Josef W. Meri and Jere L. Bacharach, (Taylor & Francis, 2006), 826.
  4. ^ Arthur John Arberry, Classical Persian Literature, (Curzon Press Ltd, 1994), 105.
  5. ^ The Political and Dynastic History of the Iranian World, C.E. Bosworth, The Cambridge History of Iran, Vol. 5, 145.

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