Recapture of Angola
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|Recapture of Angola|
|Part of Dutch-Portuguese War|
|Portuguese Empire||Dutch Republic|
|Commanders and leaders|
|Salvador Correia de Sá||Unknown|
|900 men||1,200 Dutch|
|Casualties and losses|
163 men killed |
160 men wounded
150 men killed |
Unknown number of men wounded
The Recapture of Angola, or Reconquest of Angola, was a military campaign fought between the Portuguese and the Dutch occupiers of Angola. Its most important episode was the siege imposed by the Portuguese on the far larger Dutch garrison of Luanda.
In 1641 Johan Maurits sent an expedition under Admiral Cornelis Jol from Recife in Dutch Brazil to seize the Angolan capital of Luanda. The Dutch were able to easily capture Luanda in August as the Portuguese forces were occupied inland in a campaign against the Kingdom of Kongo. The two countries fought to a stalemate over Angola, until in 1648 the governor of Rio de Janeiro and Angola, Salvador de Sá, reached Luanda and finding the city defended by 1200 Dutch troops, besieged them and regained it for Portugal exactly seven years after its loss. When a Dutch force of 300 soldiers returned from the interior to help their garrison of Luanda, they also surrendered to the Portuguese, but their allied warriors of the Queen Ndjinga fought a battle against the Portuguese and were defeated as well. Then, Salvador Correia de Sa sent a force to Benguela where the Dutch garrison surrendered.
He also sent a fleet which recaptured the archipelago of São Tomé e Príncipe from the Dutch, who left behind their artillery.
This was a decisive Dutch defeat since the Dutch Brazil couldn't survive without the slaves from Angola. And the end of the Dutch presence in South America (with the exception of the Guiana) meant not only the bankruptcy of the WIC, but also the end of the West Dutch empire.
- Lourenço, Paula.Battles of Portuguese History - Defence of the Overseas. - Volume X. (2006)
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